Uniformity in Collective Entrepreneurship: The Case of Food Retail Cooperatives in France

Chapter
Part of the Contributions to Management Science book series (MANAGEMENT SC.)

Abstract

Entrepreneurship can be either individual, collective, or both. Cooperatives and independent associated networks are groups of retail and service stores that pool their means. Curiously, there has been a lack of research on retail cooperatives. The objective of this research is to show how these organizations, whose cooperators have a dual status (they are both customers and co-owners of the cooperative), can face the uniformity challenge as efficiently as franchised networks do. The findings highlight the existence of various centralized, decentralized, and mixed processes. This research suggests a model for managing uniformity in food retail cooperatives.

References

  1. Abrard P, Paché G (2009) La gouvernance des formes hybrides, un métissage de contrat et de confiance ? Le cas de la grande distribution alimentaire. In: Baudry B, Dubrion B (eds) Analyses et transformations de la firme. La Découverte, Paris, pp 193–213Google Scholar
  2. Alchian AA, Demsetz H (1972) Production, information costs, and economic organization. Am Econ Rev 62:777–795Google Scholar
  3. Baron M-L (2007) Defining the frontiers of the firm through property rights allocation: the case of the French retailer cooperative Leclerc. Rev Soc Econ 65:293–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bataille-Chedotel F, Huntzinger F (2004) Faces of governance of production cooperatives: an exploratory study of ten French cooperatives. Ann Public Coop Econ 75:89–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Benedetto B (1984) Commerce et noblesse en Grèce archaïque, À propos d’un livre d’Alfonso Mele. Dialogues D’histoire Ancienne 10:99–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhowmik SK, Sarker K (2002) Worker cooperatives as alternative production systems: a study in Kolkata, India. Work Occup 29:460–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bijman J, Hendrikse GWJ, Van Oijen AAC (2013) Accommodating two worlds in one organisation: changing board models in agricultural cooperatives. Manag Decis Econ 34:204–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bradach JL (1997) Using the plural form in the management of retail chains. Adm Sci Q 42:276–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bradach JL (1998) Franchise organizations. Harvard Business School Press, BostonGoogle Scholar
  10. Caves RE, Murphy WF II (1976) Franchising: firms, markets, and intangible assets. South Econ J 42:572–586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chassagnon V (2012) Pouvoir et coopération dans la firme et entre les firmes. Socioéconomie du travail. Série AB d’Economies et Sociétés 34:1183–1210Google Scholar
  12. Chomel C, Declerck F, Filippi M, Frey O, Mauget R (2013) Les coopératives agricoles. Identité, gouvernance et strategies. Larcier, BruxellesGoogle Scholar
  13. Cliquet G (2000) Plural forms in store networks: a proposition of a model for store network evolution. Int Rev Retail Distrib Consum Res 10:369–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cliquet G (2002) Les réseaux mixtes franchise/succursalisme: apports de la littérature et implications pour le marketing des réseaux de points de ventes. Rech Appl Mark 17:57–73Google Scholar
  15. Comte-Sponville A (2013) Dictionnaire philosophique, 4th edn. Presses Universitaires de France, ParisGoogle Scholar
  16. Diaz-Bernardo R (2012) An analysis of three confronting theories to explain franchising supply. J Bus Econ Res 10:167–170Google Scholar
  17. DiMaggio P, Powell W (1983) The iron-cage revisited: institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational field. Am Soc Rev 48:147–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Eisenhardt KM (1989) Building theories from case study research. Acad Manag Rev 14:532–550Google Scholar
  19. El Akremi A, Mignonac K, Perrigot R (2011) Opportunistic behaviors in franchise chains: the role of cohesion among franchisees. Strateg Manag J 32:930–948CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. FCA (2016) Définition du commerce associé. http://www.commerce-associe.fr/dossier/panorama?theme=public. Retrieved 12 Jun 2016
  21. Festinger L, Schachter S, Back K (1971) [1950] The spatial ecology of group formation. In: Festinger L, Schachter S, Back K (eds) Social pressure in informal groups. Stanford University Press, Stanford, pp 33–60Google Scholar
  22. Foucaud (de) I (2015) La Louve, le supermarché parisien qui fera travailler ses clients, ouvrira début 2016. Le Figaro, March 10Google Scholar
  23. Goullet C, Meyssonnier F (2011) Le contrôle des Réseaux de Franchise. Revue Comptabilité Contrôle Audit 17:99–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hendrikse GWJ, Feng L (2013) Interfirm cooperatives. In: Grandori A (ed) Handbook of economic organization: integrating economic and organization theory. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp 501–521Google Scholar
  25. Hendrikse GWJ, Jiang T (2011) An incomplete contracting model of dual distribution in franchising. J Retail 87:332–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hendrikse GWJ, Veerman CP (2001) Marketing cooperatives and financial structure: a transaction costs economics analysis. Agric Econ 26:205–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Herskovits MJ (1948) Man and his works: the science of cultural anthropology. Alfred A Knopf, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. Holler J (1997) Coopératives de commerçants: La genèse. Revue des Études Coopératives, Mutualistes et Associatives 263:80–89Google Scholar
  29. ICA (2015) World co-operative monitor 2015, pp 19–23. http://monitor.coop/sites/default/files/WCM_2015%20WEB.pdf. Retrieved 8 Feb 2016
  30. Jensen MC, Meckling WH (1976) Theory of the firm: managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure. J Financ Econ 3:305–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jossa B (2012) Cooperative firms as a new mode of production. Rev Pol Econ 24:399–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Karau R, Williams NC (1993) Social loafing: a meta-analytic review and theoretical integral. J Pers Soc Pers 65:681–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kaufmann PJ, Eroglu S (1998) Standardization and adaptation in business format franchising. J Bus Ventur 14:69–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Krishnaswami O (1968) The principles of co-operation – a historical survey and a review. Ann Public Coop Econ 39:587–605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kumar N, Scheer LK, Steenkamp J-B (1995) The effects of perceived interdependence on dealer attitudes. J Mark Res 32:348–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Les Echos (2013) Un modèle très européen, August 9Google Scholar
  37. McClintock Stoel L, Sternquist B (2004) Group identification: the influence of group membership on retail hardware cooperative members’ perceptions. J Small Bus Manag 42:155–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Meier O (2006) Comment les groupements de distributeurs indépendants s’adaptent à la globalisation : Une lecture du mouvement E. Leclerc. Décis Mark 43–44:175–190Google Scholar
  39. Meyer J, Allen N (1991) A tree-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Hum Resour Manag Rev 1:61–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Monteiro NP, Stewart G (2015) Scale, scope and survival: a comparison of cooperative and capitalist modes of production. Rev Ind Organ 47:91–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Papon-Vidal P (2000) Le statut de l’associé-coopérateur. RECMA – Revue Internationale de L’économie Sociale 278:58–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pryor FL (1983) The economics of production cooperatives: a reader’s guide. Ann Public Coop Econ 54:133–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ring PS, Van de Ven AH (1994) Developmental processes of cooperative interorganizational relationships. Acad Manag Rev 19:90–118Google Scholar
  44. Robbins S, Judge T, Tran V (2014) Comportements organisationnels, 16th edn. Pearson, MontreuilGoogle Scholar
  45. Rousseau DM, De Rozario P, Jardat R, Pesqueux Y (2014) Contrat psychologique et organisations: Comprendre les accords écrits et non-écrits. Pearson, MontreuilGoogle Scholar
  46. Sacchetti S, Tortia E (2016) The extended governance of cooperative firms: inter-firm coordination and consistency of values. Ann Public Coop Econ 87:93–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Schein F (1994) Organizational culture and leadership, 3rd edn. Jossey Bass, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  48. Sélinsky V (2008) Les sociétés coopératives et le droit de la concurrence. Journal des Sociétés 55:52–57Google Scholar
  49. Stake R (2005) Multiple case study analysis. The Guilford Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  50. Streed OJ, Cliquet G (2013) Maintaining brand uniformity in retail networks: the case of franchised quick-service-restaurant chains. J Mark Trends 2:17–24Google Scholar
  51. Weinreich P (2009) ‘Enculturation’, not ‘acculturation’: conceptualising and assessing identity processes in migrant communities. Int J Intercult Relat 33:124–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Williamson OE (1975) Markets and hierarchies: analysis and anti-trust implications. A study in the economics of internal organization. Free Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  53. Williamson OE (1985) The economic institutions of capitalism. Free Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  54. Yin RK (2009) Case study research: design and methods, 4th edn. Sage, Thousand OaksGoogle Scholar
  55. Zentes J, Swoboda B (2000) Allied groups on the road to complex networks. Technol Soc 22:133–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zucker LG (1986) Production of trust: institutional sources of economic structure, 1840–1920. In: Staw M, Cummings LL (eds) Organizational behavior. JAI Press, Greenwich, pp 53–111Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabrice Cassou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gérard Cliquet
    • 3
  • Rozenn Perrigot
    • 3
  1. 1.CREM UMR CNRS 6211University of Rennes 1Rennes Cedex 7France
  2. 2.IRGO, University of BordeauxBordeaux CedexFrance
  3. 3.IGR-IAE Rennes, CREM UMR CNRS 6211University of Rennes 1Rennes Cedex 7France

Personalised recommendations