Morphological Semigroups and Scale-Spaces on Ultrametric Spaces
Ultrametric spaces are the natural mathematical structure to deal with data embedded into a hierarchical representation. This kind of representations is ubiquitous in morphological image processing, from pyramids of nested partitions to more abstract dendrograms from minimum spanning trees. This paper is a formal study of morphological operators for functions defined on ultrametric spaces. First, the notion of ultrametric structuring function is introduced. Then, using as basic ingredient the convolution in (max,min)-algebra, the multi-scale ultrametric dilation and erosion are defined and their semigroup properties are stated. It is proved in particular that they are idempotent operators and consequently they are algebraically ultrametric closing and opening too. Some preliminary examples illustrate the behavior and practical interest of ultrametric dilations/erosions.