When imaging injuries of young athletes, it is important to take into account the different strengths of each modality. Plain radiographs are the necessary first step and often suffice for most musculoskeletal injuries. Ultrasound is having an increasingly important role in the evaluation of tendinous and ligamentous abnormalities. In injuries that require dynamic imaging, such as the diagnosis of muscle hernias, ultrasound is the modality of choice. Computed tomography is the main technique for evaluating acute head injuries, as it can detect hemorrhage and bony injuries better than MRI. Its speed and contrast resolution make it ideal to evaluate severe abdominal trauma, and the capability of easy multiplanar reconstruction is extremely useful for evaluating complex fractures. MRI is the modality of choice to visualize the brain and for evaluation of internal derangement of the joints. It can also evaluate the cartilaginous injuries that are unique to the growing skeleton.
KeywordsRadiography Ultrasound Tendinous and ligamentous abnormality Dynamic imaging Computed tomography Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Nuclear medicine Young athletes Brain injuries Cartilaginous injuries Arthrography
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