Pediatric Neurovascular Disease

  • Brian P. CurryEmail author
  • Daniel S. Ikeda
  • Randy S. Bell
  • Shahid M. Nimjee
  • Ciarán J. Powers


Pediatric cerebrovascular disease comprises a diverse set of rare but nevertheless impactful vascular abnormalities that, while similar in some respects to those conditions found in adults, often represent distinct entities with pathophysiology, associated risk factors, and prevention and treatment considerations unique to this patient population. In addition, despite their relative rarity, the clinical consequences in younger patients may be profound and long lasting, and the associated costs may be enormous. As such, an awareness of these lesions and their current treatments is of paramount importance. Advancements in microsurgical and endovascular approaches to pediatric cerebrovascular disease have significantly evolved. The rarity of these lesions and the difficulty in enrolling pediatric patients in controlled trials has made large-scale clinical trials difficult to accomplish, necessitating that the practitioner be adequately versed in the diagnosis and treatment of these lesions when caring for these patients. While this chapter endeavors to present a selection of important pediatric cerebrovascular lesions and disease processes, it cannot possibly describe the full breadth of cerebrovascular disease in such a small space, nor can it hope to present those entities it does discuss exhaustively.


Arteriovenous malformation Endovascular intervention Hemorrhagic stroke Ischemic stroke Pediatric intracranial aneurysm Pediatric vascular malformations Subarachnoid hemorrhage Vein of Galen malformation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian P. Curry
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniel S. Ikeda
    • 2
  • Randy S. Bell
    • 2
  • Shahid M. Nimjee
    • 3
  • Ciarán J. Powers
    • 3
  1. 1.Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Department of Surgery, Service of NeurosurgeryBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Department of Surgery, Service of NeurosurgeryBethesdaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Neurological SurgeryThe Ohio State University Wexner Medical CenterColumbusUSA

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