Intravascular Ultrasound

  • Kozo Okada
  • Peter J. Fitzgerald
  • Yasuhiro HondaEmail author


Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has evolved as the first clinical imaging modality to directly visualize vessel wall pathology. Because the ultrasound signal is able to penetrate the vessel wall, the entire cross-section can be interrogated in real time; biological processes such as plaque burden, plaque composition, vessel remodeling, and restenosis can be assessed. In addition, IVUS provides optimal guidance for interventional procedures. Along with the progress in interventional technology and increasing complexity of interventional sites in aging populations, IVUS continues to play a vital role in improving outcomes. Current technology in invasive imaging has two main aims: further improvement of spatial and tissue resolution, and physiologic assessment of the target sites. Achievement of these aims helps to optimize the quality and outcomes of catheter-based cardiovascular interventions.



The authors thank Heidi N. Bonneau, RN, MS, CCA, and M. Brooke Hollak, RN, BAHSA, for expert review and editing advice.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kozo Okada
    • 1
  • Peter J. Fitzgerald
    • 1
  • Yasuhiro Honda
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Cardiovascular MedicineStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA

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