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Knowledge

  • Tim Thornton
  • Peter Lanzer
Chapter

Abstract

Medical practice aspires to be based on medical knowledge. This chapter starts by investigating why this is so, what the value of knowledge is. Explicit knowledge is factive: what is known must be true and truth is conducive to the success of medical interventions. But such knowledge has to be more than a matter of luck and hence depends on a pedigree—a justification or warrant. for explicit medical knowledge, science now dominates that pedigree. But medicine also depends on practical knowledge (knowledge-how), which does not reduce to explicit knowledge (knowledge-that), and whose pedigree is the development of a reliable skill. Forging a connection between practical and tacit knowledge, the chapter concludes with a discussion of how it is possible to teach and learn such knowledge.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, University of Central LancashirePrestonUK
  2. 2.Division of Cardiovascular DiseaseCenter of Internal Medicine, Health Center Bitterfeld-Wolfen GmbHBitterfeld-WolfenGermany

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