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Multi-Meteotsunami Event in the Adriatic Sea Generated by Atmospheric Disturbances of 25–26 June 2014

  • Jadranka Šepić
  • Iva Međugorac
  • Ivica Janeković
  • Natalija Dunić
  • Ivica Vilibić
Chapter
Part of the Pageoph Topical Volumes book series (PTV)

Abstract

A series of meteotsunamis hit a few locations in the Mediterranean and Black Seas during 22–27 June 2014. Meteotsunamis were particularly numerous on 25 and 26 June in the Adriatic Sea, where at least six harbours and bays were stricken by powerful waves: strongest events occurred in Vela Luka (Korčula Island), a known meteotsunami hot-spot, where waves reached height of ~3 m, and in Rijeka dubrovačka Bay, where strong ~5 m/s currents accompanied ~2.5 m high waves. Intensification of high-frequency sea level activity was observed at both the eastern and western Adriatic tide gauge stations, with maximum recorded wave heights reaching ~68 cm (Ortona, Italy). A series of individual air pressure disturbances characterized by pronounced rates of air pressure change (up to 2.4 hPa/5 min), limited spatial extent (~50 km) and high temporal variability, propagated over the Adriatic on 2 days in question. Numerical hydrodynamic model SCHISM forced by measured and idealised air pressure disturbances was utilised to reproduce the observed Adriatic sea level response. Several important conclusions were reached: (1) meteotsunamis occurring at various parts of the coast were generated by different atmospheric air pressure disturbances; (2) topographic influence can be removed from sea level spectra by computing spectral signal-to-background ratios; the result, being related to the external forcing, resembles atmospheric pressure spectra; (3) sea response is strongly dependant on details of atmospheric forcing; and (4) over complex bathymetries, like the middle and south Adriatic ones, numerous effects, including Proudman resonance, edge waves, strong topographical enhancement and refractions on the islands placed on the pathway of atmospheric disturbances should be taken into account to fully understand meteotsunami generation and dynamics. An in-depth numerical study is planned to supplement the latter conclusion and to quantify contribution of each process.

Keywords

Meteotsunami Adriatic Sea hydrodynamic modelling Proudman resonance atmospheric pressure disturbances 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jadranka Šepić
    • 1
  • Iva Međugorac
    • 2
  • Ivica Janeković
    • 3
    • 4
  • Natalija Dunić
    • 1
  • Ivica Vilibić
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Šetalište ISplitCroatia
  2. 2.Faculty of Science, Andrija Mohorovičić Geophysical InstituteUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  3. 3.Ruđer Bošković InstituteZagrebCroatia
  4. 4.The University of Western Australia, School of Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering and UWA Oceans InstituteCrawleyAustralia

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