Congolese Middle Class Migrants Labour Market Incorporation in Pretoria

  • Saint-José Inaka
Part of the Palgrave Studies of Sustainable Business in Africa book series (PSSBA)


Drawing on Bauder’s (2006) theory, this chapter argues that there are dialectical relations between Congolese middle-class migrants and Pretoria’s labour market. This means Pretoria’s labour market places limits on the Congolese labour incorporation. However, though Congolese middle classes face these barriers, they employ various formal and/or informal strategies which allow them to find permanent jobs and better their lives in Pretoria, the capital city of South Africa. The chapter is the result of an ethnographic research project, based on life-story interviews, observations and documentary research, conducted from 2012 to 2013 in Pretoria among middle-class Congolese who are formally employed by South African institutions. Additional relevant data was gathered from some of them through unofficial conversations between 2014 and 2016.


Congolese migrants Labour incorporation Pretoria South Africa 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Human Economy ProgrammeUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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