Comparative Evaluation of Bluetooth and Wi-Fi Direct for Tablet-Oriented Educational Applications

  • Keiichi Endo
  • Ayame Onoyama
  • Dai Okano
  • Yoshinobu Higami
  • Shinya Kobayashi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10191)


This study conducted a survey to implement educational applications that can share information even in environments where access points cannot be used. In particular, we investigated whether Bluetooth (widely used for many years) or Wi-Fi Direct (developed recently) is more suitable when creating educational applications using an ad hoc network. To survey the influence of hand movements on delay time while operating tablets, we created a paint application that shares a drawing screen across two tablets and conducted an experiment. In addition, to survey the influence of human presence on delay time, we conducted an experiment in which we changed the number of students seated between the two tablets in the classroom. From the results of these experiments, we conclude that Bluetooth is less influenced by hand movements and human presence than Wi-Fi Direct.


Ad hoc network Education Tablet RTT 



This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP15K16105. The authors are grateful to the members of Laboratory of Computational Science in Ehime University for the cooperation on the survey on the influence of human presence.


  1. 1.
    Olson, T., Olson, J., Olson, M., Thomas, A.: Exploring 1:1 tablet technology settings: a case study of the first year of implementation in middle school mathematics classrooms. In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (SITE 2015) (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Paek, S., Fulton, L.A.: Elementary students using a tablet-based note-taking application in the science classroom. J. Digit. Learn. Teacher Educ. 32(4), 140–149 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aşkar, P., Altun, A., Şimşek, N., Özdemir, S.: How teachers and students depict interactive whiteboards and tablet PCs in a 9th grade classroom? In: Zhang, J., Yang, J., Chang, M., Chang, T. (eds.) ICT in Education in Global Context. LNET, pp. 19–35. Springer, Singapore (2016). doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-0373-8_2 Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tront, J.G., Prey, J.C.: Tablet PCs and slate devices can improve active learning classroom experiences. In: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Interactive Collaborative Learning (ICL 2015) (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Taneja, S., Kush, A.: A survey of routing protocols in mobile ad hoc networks. Int. J. Innov. Manage. Technol. 1(3), 279–285 (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Reina, D.G., Askalani, M., Toral, S.L., Barrero, F., Asimakopoulou, E., Bessis, N.: A survey on multihop ad hoc networks for disaster response scenarios. Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 11(10) (2015). Article ID: 647037Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Garg, V., Kataoka, K., Talluri, S.S.R.: Performance evaluation of wireless ad-hoc network for post-disaster recovery using linux live USB nodes. In: Proceedings of the 11th IEEE International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob 2015) (2015)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Saha, S., Nandi, S., Paul, P.S., Shah, V.K., Roy, A., Das, S.K.: Designing delay constrained hybrid ad hoc network infrastructure for post-disaster Communication. Ad Hoc Netw. 25, 406–429 (2015). Part BCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Morreale, P., Goncalves, A., Silva, C.: Mobile ad hoc network communication for disaster recovery. Int. J. Space Based Situated Comput. 5(3), 178–186 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wi-Fi Alliance: Wi-Fi Alliance.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Bluetooth SIG: Bluetooth Technology Website.
  13. 13.
    Xu, N., Zhang, F., Luo, Y., Jia, W., Xuan, D., Teng, J.: Stealthy video capturer: a new video-based spyware in 3G smartphones. In: Proceedings of the Second ACM Conference on Wireless Network Security (WiSec 2009), pp. 69–78 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keiichi Endo
    • 1
  • Ayame Onoyama
    • 1
  • Dai Okano
    • 1
  • Yoshinobu Higami
    • 1
  • Shinya Kobayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Science and EngineeringEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan

Personalised recommendations