Advertisement

Open or Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy After Neoadjuvant Therapy

  • Donald L. van der Peet
  • Jennifer Straatman
  • Nicole I. van der Wielen
  • Miguel A. CuestaEmail author
Chapter
  • 597 Downloads

Abstract

In 1991, Dallemagne introduced the right thoracoscopic approach in lateral position for esophageal cancer with total lung block, thereby mimicking the conventional approach [1]. Initial reports showed a high conversion rate to thoracotomy and a high respiratory morbidity rate. Searching for reduction of the conversion rate and the respiratory infection rate, Cuschieri et al. redesigned the thoracoscopic approach in prone decubitus position so that a total collapse of the lung was no longer necessary for dissecting the esophagus and thereby possibly reducing the rate of respiratory infections [2].

Supplementary material

Video 6.1

MIE Ivor Lewis using linear stapler in a side-to-side fashion (MP4 147352 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Dallemagne B, Weerts JM, Jehaes C. Thoracoscopic esophageal resection. In: Cuesta MA, Nagy AG, editors. Minimally invasive surgery in gastrointestinal cancer. Edingburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 1993. p. 59–68.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cuschieri A. Thoracoscopic subtotal esophagectomy. Endosc Surg Allied Technol. 1994;2:21–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Luketich JD, Alvelo-Rivera M, Buenaventura PO, et al. Minimally invasive esophagectomy: outcomes in 222 patients. Ann Surg. 2003;238:486–94.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Palanivelu C, Prakash A, Senthilkumar R, et al. Minimally invasive esophagectomy: thoracoscopic mobilization of the esophagus and mediastinal lymphadenectomy in prone position-experience of 130 patients. J Am Coll Surg. 2006;2013:7–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Scheepers JJ, Veenhof XA, van der Peet DL, et al. Laparoscopic transhiatal resection for malignancies of the distal esophagus: outcome of the first 50 resected patients. Surgery. 2008;143:278–85.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cunningham D, Allum WH, Stenning SP, et al. Perioperative chemotherapy versus surgery alone for resectable gastroesophageal cancer. N Engl J Med. 2006;355:11–20.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Van Hagen P, Huslhof MC, van Lanschot JJ, et al. Preoperative chemoradiotherapy for esophageal or junctional cancer. N Engl J Med. 2012;366:2074–84.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bumm R, Wong J. More or less surgery for esophageal cancer: extent of lymphadenectomy for squamous cell carcinoma-how much is necessary? Dis Esophagus. 1994;7:151–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cuesta MA, van der Wielen N, Straatman J, van der Peet DL. Video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy: keynote lecture. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016;64:380–5.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Akiyama H, Tsurumaru M, Ono Y, et al. Background of lymph node dissection for squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. In: Sato T, Lizukan T, editors. Color atlas of surgical anatomy for esophageal cancer. Tokyo: Springer; 1992. p. 9–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hulscher JBF, van Sandick JW, de Boer AGEM, et al. Extended transthoracic resection compared with limited transhiatal resection for adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:1662–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Siewert JR, Stein HJ. Carcinoma of the cardia: carcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction. Classification, pathology and extent of resection. Dis Esophagus. 1996;9:173–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Biere SSAY, Cuesta MA, van der Peet DL. Minimally invasive versus open esophagectomy for cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Minerva Chir. 2009;64:121–33.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Osugi H, Takemura M, Higashino M, et al. A comparison of video-assisted thoracoscopic oesophagectomy and radical lymph node dissection for squamous cell cancer of the oesophagus with open operation. Br J Surg. 2003;90:108–13.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Taguchi S, Osugi H, Hirashino M, et al. Comparison of three-field esophagectomy for esophageal cancer incorporating open or thoracoscopic thoracotomy. Surg Endosc. 2003;17:1445–50.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gemmill EH, McCulloch P. Systematic review of minimally invasive resection for gastro-oesophageal cancer. Br J Surg. 2007;94:1461–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Smithers BM, Gotley DC, Martin I, Thomas JM. Comparison of the outcomes between open and minimally invasive esophagectomy. Ann Surg. 2007;245:232–40.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Maas KW, Biere SS, van Hoogstraten IM, et al. Immunological changes after minimally invasive or conventional esophageal resection for cancer: a randomized trial. World J Surg. 2014;38:131–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cuesta MA, van der Peet DL, Biere SSAY, Scheepers JJG, Heijnen BHM. Laparoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy. In: Puntambeker S, Cuesta MA, editors. Atlas of minimally invasive surgery in esophageal carcinoma. London: Springer; 2010. p. 171–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cuesta MA, Scheepers JJG, Oosterhuis W, Biere SSAY, van der Peet DL, Heijnen BHM. Thoracoscopic esophageal resection for cancer in prone decubitus position: operative technique. In: Puntambeker S, Cuesta MA, editors. Atlas of minimally invasive surgery in esophageal carcinoma. London: Springer; 2010. p. 149–69.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Cadiere GB, Dapri G, Himpens J, et al. Ivor |Lewis esophagectomy with manual esofagogastric anastomosis by thoracoscopic in prone position and laparoscopy. Surg Endosc. 2010;24:1482–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Van der Sluis PC, Ruurda JP, Verhage RJ, et al. Oncologic long-term results of robotic assisted minimally invasive thoraco-laparoscopic esophagectomy with two field lymphadenectomy for esophageal cancer. Ann Surg Oncol. 2015;22(Suppl 3):1350–6.CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lewis I. The surgical treatment of carcinoma of the oesophagus with special reference to a new operation for growths of the middle third. Br J Surg. 1946;34:18–31.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Luketich JD, Pennathur A, Awais O, et al. Outcomes after minimally invasive esophagectomy. Review of over 1000 patients. Ann Surg. 2012;256:95–103.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Maas KW, Biere SSAY, Scheepers JJG, et al. Minimally invasive intrathoracic anastomosis after Ivor Lewis esophagectomy for cancer. A review of transoral or transthoracic use of staplers. Surg Endosc. 2012;26:1795–802.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Diez del Val I, Loureiro C, McCulloch P. The IDEAL prospective development study format for reporting surgical innovations. An illustrative case study of robotic oesophagectomy. Int J Surg. 2015;19:104–11.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Verhage RJ, Hazebroek EJ, Boone J, et al. Minimally invasive surgery compared to open procedures in esophagectomy for cancer: a systematic review of the literature. Minerva Chir. 2009;64:135–46.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Sgourakis G, Gockel I, Radtke A, et al. Minimally invasive versus open esophagectomy: meta-analysis of outcomes. Dig Dis Sci. 2010;55:3031–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nagpal K, Ahmed K, Vats A, et al. Is minimally invasive surgery beneficial in the management of esophageal cancer ? A meta-analysis. Surg Endosc. 2010;24:1621–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Biere SSAY, Maas KW, Cuesta MA, van der Peet DL. Cervical or thoracic anastomosis after esophagectomy for cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Dig Surg. 2011;28:29–35.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    SSAY B, van Berge Henegouwen MI, Maas KW, et al. Minimally invasive versus open esophagectomy for patients with esophageal cancer: a multicentre, open –label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2012;379:1887–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Mariette C, Meunier B, Pezet D, et al. Hybrid mini-invasive versus open oesophagectomy for patients with oesophageal cancer: a multicentre open label randomized phase III controlled trial, the MIRO trial. J Clin Oncol. 2015;33(suppl 2, abstract 5).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Maas KW, Cuesta MA, van Berge Henegouwen MI, et al. Quality of life and late complications after minimally invasive compared to open esophagectomy: results of a randomized trial. World J Surg. 2015;39:1986–93.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Luketich JD, Pennathur A, Franchetti Y, et al. Minimally invasive esophagectomy: results of prospective phase II multicenter trial-the eastern cooperative oncology group (E2202) study. Ann Surg. 2015;261:702–7.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wang H, Shen Y, Feng M, et al. Outcomes, quality of life, and survival after esophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma: a propensity score-matched comparison of operative approaches. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015;149:1006–14.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kawakubo H, Takeuchi H, Kitagawa Y. Current status and future perspectives on minimally invasive esophagectomy. Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013;46:241–8.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kubo N, Ohira M, Yamashita Y, et al. Thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position versus in the lateral position for patients with esophageal cancer: a comparison of short term surgical results. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2014;24:158–63.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Messager M, Pasquer A, Duhamel A, et al. Laparoscopic gastric mobilization reduces postoperative mortality after esophageal cancer surgery: A French Nationwide Study. Ann Surg. 2015;262:817–23.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    van der Sluis PC, Ruurda JP, van der Horst S, et al. Robot-assisted minimally invasive thoraco-laparoscopic esophagectomy versus open transthoracic esophagectomy for resectable esophageal cancer, a randomized controlled trial (ROBOT trial). Trials. 2012;13:230. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-13-230.
  40. 40.
    Avery KN, Metcalfe C, Berrisford R, et al. The feasibility of a randomized controlled trial of esophagectomy for esophageal cancer- the Romio (Randomized Oesophagectomy: Minimally Invasive or Open) study: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2014;15:200.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Kataoka K, Takeuchi H, Mizusawa J, et al. A randomized phase III trial of thoracoscopic versus open esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer: Japan Clinical Oncology Group Study JCOG 1409. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2016;46:174–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Van Workum F, Bouwense SA, Luyer MD, et al. Intrathoracic versus cervical anastomosis after minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer: study protocol of the ICAN randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2016;17(1):505.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Cuesta MA, van der Wielen N, Straatman J, van der Peet DL. Mastering minimally invasive esophagectomy requires a mentor; experience of a personal mentorship. Ann Med Surg. 2016;13:38–41.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald L. van der Peet
    • 1
  • Jennifer Straatman
    • 1
  • Nicole I. van der Wielen
    • 1
  • Miguel A. Cuesta
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Gastrointestinal SurgeryVU University Medical CenterAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations