Development of a Friction Welded Bimetallic Joints Between Titanium and 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel

  • Muralimohan CheepuEmail author
  • V. Muthupandi
  • B. Srinivas
  • K. Sivaprasad
Conference paper


Joining of dissimilar materials titanium to stainless steel combination has a particular interest in the nuclear and aerospace industry. Due to the metallurgical incompatibility, it is very difficult to produce reliable joints between these metals due to the formation of FeTi and Fe2Ti brittle intermetallic compounds. Friction welding is an attractive technique compared to conventional joining techniques of dissimilar metals since the heat input is very low and precision are very high. The present study uses the low heat input process friction welding, to insert a aluminum as a interlayer between titanium and stainless steel. Aluminum is compatible with the Ti and Fe, and it has a lower melting point than the two base metals. The joints produced revealed the intermetallic layers between the insert layer and both parent metals. The strength of the joints achieved maximum is 256 MPa and tensile fracture occurs along the intermetallic phases.


Friction welding Dissimilar materials Aluminium interlayer Intermetallic compounds Mechanical properties 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muralimohan Cheepu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • V. Muthupandi
    • 1
  • B. Srinivas
    • 3
  • K. Sivaprasad
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia
  2. 2.Department of Advanced Materials and Industrial Management EngineeringDong-Eui UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Mechancial EngineeringMVGR College of EngineeringVizianagaramIndia
  4. 4.Advanced Materials Processing Laboratory, Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia

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