Evaluation of Multiple Hydrometerological Factors for Prioritization of Water Stress Areas in the Upper Yerala River Basin, Satara, Maharashtra, India

  • Mustaq ShaikhEmail author
  • Milind Herlekar
  • Bhavana Umrikar
Conference paper


The purpose of this paper is to develop an approach for the prioritization of the water stress areas by using the multi-criteria decision-making technique to target water risk management practices. The Survey of India toposheet maps on a scale of 1:50,000 were used for the preparation of base map of the study area. In order to prioritize the water stress area, six thematic layers, viz. groundwater draft, groundwater recharge, groundwater level, rainfall, population, and abstraction structures were chosen as the effective factors. The weights have been assigned to thematic layers based on an expert knowledge. A database was built for managing the various thematic layers generated in GIS framework by using multiple criteria decision-making techniques. MCDM techniques and approaches meliorate the quality of decisions by making the development more overt, proficient, and cogent. Further, the area classified into three categories based on the water stress scores; viz high, moderate and low. The water-stressed map showed that the study area is generally of low water stress region (66.16%). The moderate and high water stress classes occupy 29.26 and 4.58% of the study area, respectively. The paper helps to unveil that the MCDM methods are better suited for uncertain situations where the parameters with different scales and units are used in the analysis. It is observed from the study that the MCDM approach results in reliable illustration of factual picture of the groundwater scenario of the area. This work demonstrates the integrated use of GIS technique with the multicriteria approach to relating the various hydrometerological, demographical datasets to classify the water stress area for future preparedness. It can be concluded that the approach of this study, and parameters used, is a useful framework for the prioritization of water stress region and can be recommended to be applied in such similar areas.


GIS Groundwater stress areas MCDM techniques Upper Yerala river basin 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mustaq Shaikh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Milind Herlekar
    • 1
  • Bhavana Umrikar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologySavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia

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