Origin of Primary Living Systems on Earth in Course of Thermodynamic Inversion

Chapter

Abstract

According to the proposed concept, transformation of prebiotic microsystems into initial living units (probionts) on the early Earth occurred through thermodynamic inversion. Just the inversion was a starting point that gave rise to biological functional sequences of the polymers instead of random, spontaneously synthesized sequences. Since the inversion, the appeared probionts acquired the ability for continuous concentrating of free energy and information that pressed entropy. The origin-of-life process started in hydrothermal systems, where the combination of multilevel fluctuations and gradual decrease in temperature and pressure in rising fluid provided variable and directed recombination of organic molecules within prebiotic microsystems. With the thermodynamic inversion, the excessive over-entropy free energy and information radically reorganized the microsystems giving rise to purposeful arrangement of functional biopolymers. The coupled reactions of ATP hydrolysis and biopolymers condensation were the most efficient to minimize the internal entropy production and to launch metabolic processes. Accumulation, compression, and algorithmic optimization of bioinformation (prevalent over the informational entropy) along with concentrated free energy sustained control over the entire living system and determined its tendency to continuous complication. In this way, expansion and divergence of nucleoprotein interaction, arising still in nonequilibrium prebiotic microsystems, during early biological evolution led to formation of complex intracellular structures in prokaryotes, such as nucleoid, ribosome, and membrane. Within anisotropic, high-gradient hydrothermal medium, probionts were integrated into primary communities, which are considered as minimal self-sufficient units of life.

Keywords

Origin of life Bioinformation Nucleoprotein complex Functional sequence Active transport Cell membrane Ribosome Prokaryote Thermophile Microbial community 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Complex Analysis of Regional Problems FEB RASBirobidzhanRussia

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