Relative Landslide Risk Assessment for the City of Valjevo Open image in new window
- 896 Downloads
This paper represents a relative landslide risk assessment of the City of Valjevo in Western Serbia. After the extreme rainfall during the May 2014, many new landslides were triggered, and Valjevo was one of the most affected areas in Serbia. The modeling was preceded by the data selection, and included ranging and preprocessing of the conditioning factors. The following eight factors were chosen as representative: stream distance, slope, lithology, elevation, distance from hydrogeological borders, land use, erodibility and aspect. Landslide susceptibility analysis was completed using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) multi-criteria method. Validation was performed by cross-referencing with an existing landslide inventory, which was made by field mapping and interpretation of satellite images. Finally, the relative risk was determined for the City of Valjevo by using a realistic population distribution model as a source for elements at risk. The results show the distribution of risk and suggest that 20% of the inhabited area falls into the high risk class, but this encompasses less than 5% of the total population.
KeywordsLandslides Susceptibility map Relative risk assessment Validation
This research was not possible without Project BEWARE (BEyond landslide aWAREness) funded by People of Japan and UNDP Office in Serbia (grant No 00094641). The project was implemented by the State Geological Survey of Serbia, and the University of Belgrade Faculty of Mining and Geology. All activities are supported by the Ministry of Energy and Mining, Government Office for Reconstruction and Flood Relief and Ministry for Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia Project No TR36009, too.
- Bhushan N, Rai K (2004) Strategic decision making: applying the analytic hierarchy process. Springer, London (ISBN 978-1-85233-864-0), p 172Google Scholar
- Corominas J et al (2014) Recommendations for the quantitative analysis of landslide risk. Bull Eng Geol Env 73(2):209–263Google Scholar
- Gavrilović S (1971) Inženjering o bujičnim tokovima i eroziji, Institut za eroziju, melioracije i vodoprivredu bujičnih tokova, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Šumarski fakultet i Časopis Izgradnja—specijalno izdanjeGoogle Scholar
- Marjanović et. al (2016) Coupling field and satellite data for an event-based landslide inventory. In: Proceedings of the 12th international symposium on landslides, 12–19 June 2016. Naples, Italy, pp 1361–1366Google Scholar
- Varnes DJ (1984) Landslide hazard zonation: a review of principles and practice. Int Assoc Eng Geol, Paris, p 63Google Scholar