Small Flume Experiment on the Influence of Inflow Angle and Stream Gradient on Landslide-Triggered Debris Flow Sediment Movement Open image in new window

  • Hefryan Sukma KharismalatriEmail author
  • Yoshiharu Ishikawa
  • Takashi Gomi
  • Katsushige Shiraki
  • Taeko Wakahara
Conference paper


Rainfall-induced landslide might transformed into more severe disaster, namely debris flow and natural dam which both holds serious threats on human life and material. The runout distance has crucial role for determining affected areas of a landslide. Our previous research found the correlation of inflow angle and stream gradient to transformation of landslide collapsed sediment either into natural dam or debris flow. This research intended to test our previous research result with a small flume experiment and aimed to analyze the influence of sediment inflow angle and stream gradient to the sediment deposition percentages as representative of runout distance and the possibility of natural dam formation. Soil samples were taken from landslide-triggered debris flow disaster initiation zone in Hiroshima (Hiroshima Pref.) and Izu Oshima (Tokyo Pref.), Japan which were induced by heavy rainfall. The small flume was 10 cm width and 15 cm height, the inflow segment angle was varied to 60° and 90°, and the stream segment gradient was varied to 10° and 15°. From the experiment results, stream gradient influence the sediment movement effectively rather than inflow angle, and it was sufficient to examine the possibility of collapsed sediment to form natural dam or debris flow. Soil samples from natural dam initiation zones and consideration of water content factor are essential for further experiment.


Debris flow Natural dam Stream gradient Small flume experiment 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hefryan Sukma Kharismalatri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yoshiharu Ishikawa
    • 2
  • Takashi Gomi
    • 3
  • Katsushige Shiraki
    • 2
  • Taeko Wakahara
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Symbiotic Science of Environment and Natural ResourcesTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan
  2. 2.Department of Environment ConservationTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan
  3. 3.Department of International Environmental and Agricultural ScienceTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan
  4. 4.Department of Ecoregion ScienceTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan

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