Advertisement

Geomorphology and Age of Large Rock Avalanches in Trentino (Italy): CastelpietraOpen image in new window

  • Susan Ivy-Ochs
  • Silvana Martin
  • Paolo Campedel
  • Kristina Hippe
  • Christof Vockenhuber
  • Gabriele Carugati
  • Manuel Rigo
  • Daria Pasqual
  • Alfio Viganò
Conference paper

Abstract

Within a project aimed at understanding past catastrophic rock slope failure in the Trentino Province of Italy, we studied the Castelpietra landslide. Castelpietra encompasses a main blocky deposit, with an area of 1.2 km2, which is buried on the upper side by more recent rockfall debris. The release area is the Cengio Rosso rock wall, which is comprised of Dolomia Principale and overlying Calcari Grigi Group dolomitized limestones. 36Cl exposure dates from two boulders in the main blocky deposit indicate that the landslide occurred at 1060 ± 270 AD (950 ± 270 yr ago). The close coincidence in time of the Castelpietra event with several events that lie within a maximum distance of 20 km, including Kas at Marroche di Dro, Prà da Lago and Varini (at Lavini di Marco) landslides, strongly suggests a seismic trigger. Based on historical seismicity compilations, we have identified the “Middle Adige Earthquake” at 1046 AD as the most likely candidate. Its epicenter lies right in the middle of the spatial distribution of the discussed landslides.

Keywords

Cosmogenic 36Cl Rock avalanche Historical seismicity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding from the Geological Survey of Trento Province and the University of Padova (Progetto di ricerca di Ateneo 2014, CPDA140511) allowed this research. We thank the Geological Survey of Trento Province for access to the DEM. The AMS group at Ion Beam Physics provided support of fieldwork, labwork, and AMS measurements.

References

  1. Abele G (1974) Bergsturze in den Alpen. Ihre Verbreitung, Morphologie und Folgeerscheinungen. Wiss. Alpenvereinshefte 25, MunchenGoogle Scholar
  2. Alfimov V, Ivy-Ochs S (2009) How well do we understand production of 36Cl in limestone and dolomite? Quat Geochr 4:462–474CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alighieri D (1314) Divina Commedia, Inferno, XII, 4–9Google Scholar
  4. Boore DM, Stewart JP, Seyhan E, Atkinson GM (2014) NGA-West2 equations for predicting PGA, PGV, and 5% damped PSA for shallow crustal earthquakes. Earthq Spectra 30:1057–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Castellarin A, Picotti V, Cantelli L et al. (2005) Note illustrative della carta geologica d’Italia, Foglio no. 80. Riva del GardaGoogle Scholar
  6. Christl M, Vockenhuber C, Kubik PW, Wacker L, Lachner J, Alfimov V, Synal H-A (2013) The ETH Zurich AMS facilities: performance parameters and reference materials. Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res B 294:29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Frisia S, Borsato A, Richards DA, Miorandi R, Davanzo S (2005) Variazioni climatiche ed eventi sismici negli ultimi 4500 anni nel Trentino meridionale da una stalagmite della Cogola Grande di Giazzera. Studi Trent Sci Nat Acta Geol 82:205–223Google Scholar
  8. Galadini F, Galli P, Cittadini A, Giaccio B (2001) Late Quaternary fault movements in the Mt. Baldo-Lessini Mts. sector of the Southalpine area (northern Italy). Neth J Geosci 80:187–208Google Scholar
  9. Gischig V, Preisig G, Eberhardt E (2015) Numerical investigation of seismically induced rock mass fatigue as a mechanism contributing to the progressive failure of deep-seated landslides. Rock Mech Rock Eng 49:2457–2478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gorfer A (1994) I castelli di Rovereto e della Vallagarina. Arti grafiche SaturniaGoogle Scholar
  11. Guidoboni E, Comastri A (2005) Catalogue of earthquakes and tsunamis in the Mediterranean area from the 11th to the 15th century. Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Storia Geofisica Ambiente, Bologna, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  12. Guidoboni E, Ferrari G, Mariotti D, Comastri A, Tarabusi G, Valensise G (2007) CFTI4Med, catalogue of strong earthquakes in Italy (461 B.C.–1997) and Mediterranean area (760 B.C.–1500). An advanced laboratory of historical seismology. INGV-SGA. http://storing.ingv.it/cfti4med/
  13. Guo D, He C, Xu C, Hamada M (2015) Analysis of the relations between slope failure distribution and seismic ground motion during the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 72:99–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ivy-Ochs S, Martin S, Campedel P, Hippe K, Alfimov V, Vockenhuber C, Andreotti E, Carugati G, Pasqual D, Rigo M, Viganò A Geomorphology and age of the Marocche di Dro rock avalanches (Trentino, Italy). Quat Sci Rev (submitted)Google Scholar
  15. Marrero SM, Phillips FM, Caffee MW, Gosse JC (2016) CRONUS-Earth cosmogenic 36Cl calibration. Quat Geochron 31:199–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Martin S, Campedel P, Ivy-Ochs S, Viganò A, Alfimov V, Vockenhuber C, Andreotti E, Carugati G, Pasqual D, Rigo M (2014) Lavini di Marco (Trentino, Italy): 36CI exposure dating of a polyphase rock avalanche. Quat Geochron 19:106–116Google Scholar
  17. Prager C, Zangerl C, Patzelt G, Brandner R (2008) Age distribution of fossil landslides in the Tyrol (Austria) and its surrounding areas. Nat Hazard Earth Syst Sci 8:377–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Roberti G (1925) Monete di accertata provenienza trentina nel Museo Nazionale di Trento. Studi Trentini di Scienze Storiche 6:307–316Google Scholar
  19. Rovida A, Locati M, Camassi R, Lolli B, Gasperini P (eds) (2016) CPTI15, the 2015 version of the parametric catalogue of Italian earthquakes. INGV. doi: 10.6092/INGV.IT-CPTI15
  20. Sauro U, Zampieri D (2001) Evidence of recent surface faulting and surface rupture in the Fore-Alps of Veneto and Trentino (NE Italy). Geomorphology 40:169–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Stone JO (2000) Air pressure and cosmogenic isotope production. J Geophys Res: Solid Earth 105(B10):23753–23759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Viganò A, Scafidi D, Ranalli G, Martin S, Della Vedova B, Spallarossa D (2015) Earthquake relocations, crustal rheology, and active deformation in the central—eastern Alps (N Italy). Tectonophysics 661:81–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan Ivy-Ochs
    • 1
  • Silvana Martin
    • 2
  • Paolo Campedel
    • 3
  • Kristina Hippe
    • 1
  • Christof Vockenhuber
    • 1
  • Gabriele Carugati
    • 4
  • Manuel Rigo
    • 2
  • Daria Pasqual
    • 2
  • Alfio Viganò
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Ion Beam PhysicsETH-HonggerbergZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Dipartimento Di GeoscienzeUniversità Di PadovaPaduaItaly
  3. 3.Servizio Geologico Della Provincia Autonoma Di TrentoTrentoItaly
  4. 4.Dipartimento Di Scienza E Alta TecnologiaComoItaly

Personalised recommendations