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Positron Beam-Based Ortho-Positronium Porosimetry

  • S. Mariazzi
Chapter

Abstract

Positronium (the hydrogen like bound state of an electron and its antiparticle, the positron) is a convenient probe to obtain information about nanometric-free volumes in condensed matter. Porosimetry techniques based on positronium and the use of positron beams have proven to be an ideal, not destructive way to characterize nanoporous thin samples providing information about pore depth-distributions as well as dimensions and interconnectivity in the range between sub-nanometers up to several tens of nanometers. After an introduction on the physics of positron and positronium in the matter, the various experimental techniques based on positronium are reviewed and the related analysis procedures are presented. Alongside, the most common and reliable positronium porosimetry techniques, as well as recently proposed promising techniques are presented. The wide range of information that positronium porosimetry techniques can give about nanoporous samples are finally discussed.

Keywords

Positronium Porosimetry Porous materials Positrons Slow-positron beam Positron annihilation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author would like to thank R. S. Brusa for advice, counsel, and expertise about the laboratory activity and G. Nebbia for the useful discussions and suggestions.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stefan Meyer Institute for Subatomic Physics, Austrian Academy of SciencesViennaAustria

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