A Scheduling Algorithm for Beacon Message in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 552)

Abstract

Vehicular Ad hoc NETwork (VANET) was proposed in order to prevent accidents and to improve road safety. Indeed, IEEE 1609.4 was developed to support multi-channel mechanism to provide both safety and non-safety applications. The CCH interval is also a key parameter for the 802.11p MAC protocol. In order to get a wide view of the different techniques used to broadcast a message, we evaluate the performance of the 802.11p MAC protocol with various vehicle densities and different CCH interval settings. Moreover, we propose SABM, a Scheduling Algorithm for vehicles attempting to transmit a Beacon Message, which firstly adjusts the CCH interval according to the road traffic and then schedule the safety messages based their priorities. The simulation results show that SABM outperforms the IEEE 802.11p MAC protocol. On one hand, we can significantly reduce the delivery delay and the collision probability, on the other hand, at the same time equilibrating the channel utilization ratio during CCH interval.

Keywords

Vehicular ad-hoc networks IEEE 802.11p MAC Beacon messages Broadcast Collision Delay Throughput 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Informatics, Faculty of Siences of GabesUniversity of GabesGabesTunisia
  2. 2.Higher Institute of Business Administration of Sfax, Member of CES-LaboratoryUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia

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