A Stable Route and the Remaining Time Prediction to Send a Data Packet in Highway Environment

  • Mohamed Nabil
  • Abdelmajid Hajami
  • Abdelkrim Haqiq
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 552)


There are numerous research challenges to develop safety or non-safety applications in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). One of the critical issues consists in designing a scheme that solves the local maximum problem, reduces contention phase, increases the route lifetime and reduces the frequent path disruptions caused by high mobility of vehicles. Existing schemes do not take into consideration all these issues. For this reason, this paper addresses these issues for non-safety applications in a highway environment. We propose a scheme that strives to find a stable route, minimize contention phase and predict the route lifetime and the average transmission time of the data packets. Our scheme increases the percentage of packets delivery, reduces the control overhead and decreases number of error messages generated during transmission of data packets as function of vehicles density.


Stable route Prediction the route lifetime Stable neighbor IDM_LC Highway scenario VANET NS2 


  1. 1.
    Al-Sultan, S., Al-Doori, M.M., Al-Bayatti, A.H., Zedan, H.: A comprehensive survey on vehicular ad hoc network. J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 37, 380–392 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Karp, B., Kung, H.T.: GPSR: greedy perimeter stateless routing for wireless networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE/ACM MobiCom, Boston, MA, pp. 243–254, August 2000Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Husain, A., Kumar, B., Doegar, A.: A study of Location Aided Routing (LAR) protocol for vehicular ad hoc networks in highway scenario. Int. J. Eng. Inf. Technol. 2(2), 118–124 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ko, Y.-B., Vaidya, N.H.: Location aided routing in mobile ad hoc networks. ACM J. Wirel. Netw. 6(4), 307–321 (2000)CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Raw, R.S., Das, S., Singh, N., Kumar, S., et al.: Feasibility evaluation of VANET using directional-location aided routing (D-LAR) protocol. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Issues 9(5), 404–410 (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Raw, R.S., Lobiyal, D.K., Das, S., Kumar, S.: Analytical evaluation of directional-location aided routing protocol for VANETs. Wirel. Pers. Commun. 82(3), 1877–1891 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stojmenovic, I., Ruhil, A.P., Lobiyal, D.K.: Voronoi diagram and convex hull based geocasting and routing in wireless networks. Wirel. Commun. Mob. Comput. 6(2), 247–258 (2006). Special Issue on Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, John Wiley & Sons LtdCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Menouar, H., Lenardi, M., Filali, F.: A movement prediction based routing protocol for vehicle-to-vehicle communications. In: Proceedings of V2VCOM, San Diego, CA, July 2005Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Taleb, T., Sakhaee, E., Jamalipour, A., Hashimoto, K., Kato, N., Nemoto, Y.: A stable routing protocol to support ITS services in VANET networks. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 56(6), 3337–3347 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nzouonta, J., Rajgure, N., Wang, G., Borcea, C.: VANET routing on city roads using real-time vehicular traffic information. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 58(7), 3609–3626 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Togou, M.A., Hafid, A., Khoukhi, L.: SCRP: stable CDS-based routing protocol for urban vehicular ad hoc networks. IEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst. 17(5), 1298–1307 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Perkins, C., Belding-Royer, E., Das, S.: Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing. RFC3561, IETF MANET Working Group, July 2003Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Saleet, H., Basir, O., Langar, R., Boutaba, R.: Region-based location-service-management protocol for VANETs. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 59(2), 917–931 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nabil, M., Hajami, A., Haqiq, A.: Improvement of location aided routing protocol in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks on highway. In: 2015 5th World Congress on Information and Communication Technologies (WICT), Marrakech, Morocco, pp. 53–58 (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Nabil, M., Hajami, A., Haqiq, A.: Improvement of route lifetime of LAR protocol for VANET in highway scenario. In: 2015 IEEE/ACS 12th International Conference of Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA), Marrakech, Morocco, pp. 1–8 (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nabil, M., Hajami, A., Haqiq, A.: Increasing the route lifetime stability of LAR protocol for VANETs in highway environment. J. Netw. Innov. Comput. 4, 001–010 (2016). ISSN 2160–2174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Harri, J., Fiore, M.: VanetMobiSim- Vehicular Ad Hoc Network Mobility Extension to the Canumobisim Framework, Manual. Institut Eurecom/Politecnico di Torino, Italy (2006)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fiore, M., Harri, J., Filali, F., Bonnet, C.: Vehicular mobility simulation for VANETs. In: Proceedings of the 40th Annual Simulation Symposium (ANSS 2007), pp. 301–309. IEEE Computer Society, Washington (2007)Google Scholar
  19. 19.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Nabil
    • 1
  • Abdelmajid Hajami
    • 2
  • Abdelkrim Haqiq
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer, Networks, Mobility and Modeling LaboratoryFST, Hassan 1st UniversitySettatMorocco
  2. 2.LAVETE LaboratoryFST, Hassan 1st UniversitySettatMorocco

Personalised recommendations