Difficulties in the Laparoscopic Treatment of Female Genital Prolapse

  • Ahmed E. Ghazi
  • Günter Janetschek


To understand the nature of pelvic floor dysfunction, one must understand both the fundamentals of pelvic anatomy and the dynamics of the pelvic floor. This chapter describes the laparoscopic technique used to correct most defects in the pelvic support that contribute to pelvic floor dysfunction and prolapse. It also gives a brief prospective of certain concepts of the structures involved in pelvic support and how harmony among these structures contribute to normal function of the pelvic organs.


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    Petros P. The Female Pelvic Floor: Function, Dysfunction and Management According to the Integral Theory. 2nd ed. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer Medizin Verlag; 2007:1-167.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of Rochester Medical Center, University of RochesterRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of UrologyMedical University of SalzburgSalzburgAustria

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