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Ischemic Stroke and Homonymous Visual Field Defects

  • Ondřej VolnýEmail author
  • Michal Haršány
  • Robert Mikulík
Chapter
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Abstract

Cerebrovascular diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in developed and developing countries. The major burden of cerebrovascular diseases is due to long-term disability and economy losses. In this chapter, we describe basic epidemiology, etiology, management, treatment (intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy), and secondary prevention of ischemic stroke. Special emphasis is put on ischemic strokes in the territory of posterior cerebral artery, which represent 5–10% of all ischemic strokes. Over 90% of the patients have visual field defects. The most frequent type of visual field defect is represented by homonymous hemianopsia occurring in about three-quarters of the patients with occlusions of posterior cerebral artery.

Keywords

Ischemic stroke Posterior cerebral artery Intravenous thrombolysis Mechanical thrombectomy 

Notes

Funding

Ondřej Volný, Michal Haršány and Robert Mikulík are supported by project no. LQ1605, National Program of Sustainability II.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ondřej Volný
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Michal Haršány
    • 3
    • 4
  • Robert Mikulík
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of NeurologySt. Anne’s University HospitalBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Stroke Research ProgramSt. Anne’s University Hospital, International Clinical Research CentreBrnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.International Clinical Research CenterSt. Anne’s University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Neurology, Comprehensive Stroke CenterUniversity Hospital Hradec KraloveBrnoCzech Republic
  5. 5.Department of NeurologySt. Anne’s University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic
  6. 6.International Clinical Research CenterSt. Anne’s University HospitalBrnoCzech Republic

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