Advertisement

Introduction

  • Nathan Stephens Griffin
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Animals and Social Problems book series (PSASP)

Abstract

In this chapter, I open up a discussion around veganism and animal advocacy and in doing so outline the scope and character of the book. I look at the way veganism has been defined in terms of practice, identity, culture and social movements, and thus attempt to situate the project within the field of Critical Animal Studies and the broader critical project of Intersectionality

References

  1. Adams, C. 1990. The sexual politics of meat. New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  2. Adams, C. 2003. The pornography of meat. New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  3. Adams, C., and J. Donovan (eds.). 1995. Animals and women: Feminist theoretical explorations. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Appleby, P.N., and T.J. Key. 2016. The long-term health of vegetarians and vegans. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 75 (3): 287–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bartal, I.B., J. Decety, and P. Mason. 2011. Helping a cagemate in need: Empathy and pro-social behavior in rats. Science 334 (6061): 1427–1430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Best, S. 2009. The rise of critical animal studies: Putting theory into action and animal liberation into higher education. Journal for Critical Animal Studies 7 (1): 9–52.Google Scholar
  7. Best, S. 2014. The politics of total liberation: Revolution for the 21st century. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Best, S., and A.J. Nocella. 2004. Introduction. In Terrorists or freedom fighters, ed. S. Best and A.J. Nocella, 9–64. New York: Lantern Books.Google Scholar
  9. Bowman, L. 2016. Sainsbury’s have launched five new Vegan cheeses so we obviously tried them all. Metro, September 29. http://metro.co.uk/2016/09/29/sainsburys-have-launched-five-new-vegan-cheeses-so-we-obviously-tried-them-all-6159912/#ixzz4MxjWUB47. Accessed 13 Oct 2016.
  10. Butler, J. 1990. Gender trouble: Feminism and the subversion of identity. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. Cherry, E. 2006. Veganism as a cultural movement: A relational approach. Social Movement Studies 5 (2): 155–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chow, E.N., M.T. Segal, and T. Lin. 2011. Analyzing gender, intersectionality, and multiple inequalities: Global, transnational and local contexts. Bingley, WYK: Emerald.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cole, M.D.D., and K. Morgan. 2011. Vegaphobia: Derogatory discourses of veganism and the reproduction of speciesism in UK national newspapers. The British Journal of Sociology 62 (1): 134–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Colling, S., S. Parson, and A. Arrigoni. 2014. Until all are free: Total liberation through revolutionary decolonization, groundless solidarity and a relationship framework. In Defining critical animal studies: An intersectional social justice approach for liberation, ed. A. Nocella, J. Sorenson, K. Socha, and A. Matsuoka, 51–73. New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  15. Crenshaw, K. 1989. Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex. University of Chicago Legal Forum 139: 57–80.Google Scholar
  16. Deckha, M. 2008. Disturbing images: Peta and the feminist ethics of animal advocacy. Ethics and the Environment 13 (2): 35–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Delamont, S. 1991. Fieldwork in educational settings: Methods pitfalls and perspectives. London: Falmer Press.Google Scholar
  18. Delamont, S. 2009. The only honest thing: Autoethnography, reflexivity and small crises in fieldwork. Ethnography and Education 4 (1): 51–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Denzin, N.K. 2001. Interpretive interactionism. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dilworth, T., and A. McGregor. 2015. Moral steaks? Ethical discourses of in vitro meat in academia and Australia. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (1): 85–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fanon. F. 1967. The Wretched of the Earth. Suffolk: Penguin.Google Scholar
  22. Gilmore, J. 2012. Criminalizing dissent in the ‘war on terror’: The British state’s reaction to the Gaza war protests of 2008–2009. In Global islamophobia: Muslims and moral panic in the west, ed. S. Poynting and G. Morgan, 197–213. London: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  23. Glaister, D. 2007. Parents jailed for death of underfed baby. The Guardian, May 10. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/may/10/usa.danglaister. Accessed 15 Nov 2016.
  24. Haenfler, R. 2006. Straight edge: Clean-living youth, hardcore punk, and social change. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Harper, A.B. 2010a. Race as a “feeble matter” in veganism: Interrogating whiteness, geopolitical privilege and consumption philosophy of “cruelty-free” products. Journal for Critical Animal Studies Special Issue: Women of Color in Critical Animal Studies 8 (3): 5–27.Google Scholar
  26. Harper, A.B. (ed.). 2010b. Sistah Vegan: Black female Vegans speak on food, identity, health and society. New York: Lantern.Google Scholar
  27. Heuchan, C.L. 2015. Veganism has a serious race problem. MediaDiversified. https://mediadiversified.org/2015/12/16/veganism-has-a-serious-race-problem. Accessed 2 Nov 2016.
  28. Hunt, E. 2016. Parents who feed children Vegan diet face prosecution under proposed Italian law. The Guardian, September 10. https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2016/aug/10/parents-children-vegan-diet-prosecuted-italian-law. Accessed 31 Oct 2016.
  29. Irvine, L. 2008. Animals and sociology. Sociology Compass 2 (6): 1954–1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Irvine, L. 2012. Sociology and anthrozoology: Symbolic interactionist contributions. Anthrozöös 25: 379–393.Google Scholar
  31. Joy, M. 2008. Strategic action for animals: A handbook on strategic movement building, organizing, and activism for animal liberation. New York: Lantern.Google Scholar
  32. Katz, D.L., and S. Meller. 2014. Can we say what diet is best for health? Annual Review of Public Health 35: 83–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Le, LT. and J. Sabate. 2014. Beyond meatless, the health effects of vegan diets: Findings from the Adventist cohorts. Nutrients 27 (6): 2131–2147.Google Scholar
  34. Love, L. 2016. Wetherspoon’s new Vegan menu—here’s what’s on offer. GazetteLive, March 16. http://www.gazettelive.co.uk/whats-on/food-drink-news/wetherspoons-new-vegan-menu-heres-11048042. Accessed 26 Oct 2016.
  35. Lutz, H., M.T.H. Vivar, and L. Supik. 2012. Framing intersectionality: Debates on a multi-faceted concept in gender studies. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  36. MacInnis, C.C., and G. Hodson. 2015. It ain’t easy eating greens: Evidence of bias toward vegetarians and Vegans from both source and target. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 1–24.Google Scholar
  37. Martin, B. 2016. Pret A Manger to keep veggie-only pop-up open permanently. The Telegraph, September 6. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2016/09/06/pret-a-manger-to-keep-veggie-only-pop-up-open-permanently/. Accessed 13 Oct 2016.
  38. McAdams, D. 2006. The role of narrative in personality psychology today. Narrative Inquiry 16 (1): 11–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. McConville, M., A. Sanders, and R. Leng. 1991. The case for the prosecution: Police suspects and the construction of criminality. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. NHS. 2015. The Vegan diet. NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Vegetarianhealth/Pages/Vegandiets.aspx. Accessed 9 Nov 2016.
  41. Nocella, A. 2011. A dis-ability perspective on the stigmatization of dissent: Critical pedagogy, critical criminology, and critical animal studies. Doctoral thesis, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, New York, USA.Google Scholar
  42. Nocella, A., J. Sorenson, K. Socha, and A. Matsuoka. 2014a. Introduction: The emergence of critical animal studies: The rise of intersectional animal liberation. In Defining critical animal studies: An intersectional social justice approach for liberation, ed. A. Nocella, J. Sorenson, K. Socha, and A. Matsuoka, xix–xv. New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  43. Nocella, A., J. Sorenson, K. Socha, and A. Matsuoka. 2014b. Defining critical animal studies: An intersectional social justice approach for liberation. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.Google Scholar
  44. Noske, B. 1997. Beyond boundaries: Humans and other animals. New York: Black Rose.Google Scholar
  45. Nurse, A., and D. Ryland. 2014. Cats and the law: Evolving protection for cats and cat owners. Journal of Animal Welfare Law 13: 1–16.Google Scholar
  46. Orlich, M.J., and G.E. Fraser. 2014. Vegetarian diets in the adventist health study 2: A review of initial published findings. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 100: 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Pellow, D.N. 2014. Total iberation: The power and promise of animal rights and the radical earth movement. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Philipson, A. 2015. Vegan Italian parents investigated for neglect after baby son found severely malnourished. The Telegraph, June 3. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/11716428/Vegan-Italianparents- investigated-for-neglect-after-baby-son-found-severely-malnourished.html. Accessed 26 Oct 2016.
  49. Plumwood, V. 2012. Feminism and the mastery of nature. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  50. Powell, T. 2016. Vegan cheese renamed ‘Gary’ at Sainsbury’s after a dairy-lover’s facebook rant goes viral. Evening Standard, October 3. http://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/vegan-cheese-renamed-gary-after-one-dairylovers-facebook-rant-goes-viral-a3360021.html. Accessed 26 Oct 2016.
  51. Rankin, A. 2006. The Jain path: Ancient wisdom for the west. Winchester: John Hunt.Google Scholar
  52. Roberts, B. 2002. Biographical research. Buckingham: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  53. Ryder, R. 2000. Animal revolution: Changing attitudes towards speciesism. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  54. Singer, P. 1975. Animal liberation. New York: Review Books.Google Scholar
  55. Smith, B., and A. Sparkes. 2011. Inhabiting different bodies over time: Narrative and pedagogical challenges. Sport, Education and Society 16 (3): 357–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Song, M., T.T. Fung, and F.B. Hu. 2016. Association of animal and plant protein intake with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. JAMA Internal Medicine 176 (10): 1453–1463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Sorenson, J. 2014. Critical animal studies: Thinking the unthinkable. Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press.Google Scholar
  58. Stallwood, K. 2014. Animal rights: Moral crusade or social movement? In Proceedings of the Conference Critical Perspectives on Animals in Society held at the University of Exeter, UK, 10 March 2012, Exeter, pp. 19–24.Google Scholar
  59. Synovitz, R. 2016. Georgian Vegan cafe attacked by ‘sausage-wielding nationalists’. The Guardian, May 31. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/may/31/georgian-vegan-cafe-attacked-by-sausage-wielding-nationalists. Accessed 9 Nov 2016.
  60. Taylor, N., and R. Twine. 2014. Introduction: Locating the critical in critical animal studies. Rise of critical animal studies: From the margins to the centre. Oxford: Routledge.Google Scholar
  61. Thompson, P. 2011. Vegan couple will serve life sentences for starving baby to death on a diet of soy milk and apple juice. The Daily Mail, September 13. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2036671/Vegan-couple-serve-life-sentences-starving-baby-death-extreme-diet.html. Accessed 15 Nov 2016.
  62. Tuso, P.J., M.H. Ismail, B.P. Ha, and C. Bartolotto. 2013. Nutritional update for physicians: Plant-based diets. Permanente Journal 17 (2): 61–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Twine, R. 2010. Animals as biotechnology: Ethics, sustainability and critical animal studies. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  64. Twine, R. 2012. Revealing the ‘animal-industrial complex’—A concept & method for critical animal studies. Journal for Critical Animal Studies 10 (1): 12–39.Google Scholar
  65. Vegan Society. 2016. Go Vegan. https://www.vegansociety.com/go-vegan/definition-veganism. Accessed 21 June 2016.
  66. Violin, M.A. 1990. Pythagoras: The first animal rights philosopher. Between the Species Summer: 122–127.Google Scholar
  67. Viva!. 2013. About us, Viva International Voice for Animals Website. www.viva.org.uk/what-we-do/about-us‎. Accessed 2 May 2014.
  68. Washtell, F. 2016. JD wetherspoon, Pret A Manger, Leon and Zizzi nab prizes in the annual Peta Vegan food awards. City AM, September 20. http://www.cityam.com/249720/jd-wetherspoon-pret-manger-leon-and-zizzi-nab-prizes-annual. Accessed 26 Oct 2016.
  69. Willshire, K. 2011. French Vegans face trial after death of baby fed only on breast milk. The Guardian, March 29. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/mar/29/vegans-trial-death-baby-breast-milk. Accessed 15 Nov 2016.
  70. Wright, L. 2015. The Vegan studies project. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.Google Scholar
  71. Yost, J.T. 2009. Roadtrip. In Old man winter anthology. New York: Birdcage Bottom Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Applied Social SciencesDurham UniversityDurhamUK

Personalised recommendations