Advertisement

Influence of Oxygen on Surface Tension of Zirconium

  • Jie Zhao
  • Jonghyun LeeEmail author
  • Rainer Wunderlich
  • Hans Fecht
  • Stephan Schneider
  • Michael SanSoucie
  • Jan Rogers
  • Robert Hyers
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Abstract

Zirconium samples with different oxygen concentrations were tested using a ground-based electrostatic levitator at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. The surface tension of liquid zirconium samples was measured in both undercooled and superheated conditions. The effect of oxygen on surface tension was determined: oxygen in zirconium samples decreases the surface tension of liquid samples, with only a small change in the temperature dependence.

Keywords

Electrostatic levitation Surface tension Oxygen Zirconium 

References

  1. 1.
    Hyers, R.W. and J.R. Rogers, A review of electrostatic levitation for materials research. High Temperature Materials and Processes, 2008. 27(6): pp. 461–474.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hyers, R.W., Fluid flow effects in levitated droplets. Measurement science and Technology, 2005. 16(2): p. 394.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Paradis, P.-F., T. Ishikawa, and S. Yoda, Non-contact measurements of surface tension and viscosity of niobium, zirconium, and titanium using an electrostatic levitation furnace. International journal of thermophysics, 2002. 23(3): pp. 825–842.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rayleigh, L. On the capillary phenomena of jets. in Proc. R. Soc. London. 1879.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Iida, T. and R.I. Guthrie, The physical properties of liquid metals. Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK, 1988.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rhim, W.-K., et al., Noncontact technique for measuring surface tension and viscosity of molten materials using high temperature electrostatic levitation. Review of scientific instruments, 1999. 70(6): pp. 2796–2801.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rösner-Kuhn, M., et al., Investigations of the influence of oxygen on the surface tension of zirconium by the oscillating drop technique. Surface science, 1999. 443(3): pp. 159–164.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jie Zhao
    • 1
  • Jonghyun Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rainer Wunderlich
    • 2
  • Hans Fecht
    • 2
  • Stephan Schneider
    • 3
  • Michael SanSoucie
    • 4
  • Jan Rogers
    • 4
  • Robert Hyers
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Micro and NanomaterialsUlm UniversityUlmGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Materials PhysicsGerman Aerospace Center (DLR)CologneGermany
  4. 4.NASA Marshall Space Flight CenterHuntsvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations