Practices of Production

  • Gwen Burnyeat
Part of the Studies of the Americas book series (STAM)


This chapter describes the author’s experiences doing participant observation with the Community members in the cacao groves, learning the different stages of cacao production. Through a literary and reflexive narrative about this experience, thoughts emerge on Community members’ perception of space and of nature, and of the meaning of ‘the organic’. It describes the commercial relationship with British-based multinational Lush Cosmetics, and the various elements the Community perceive in this relationship as unique, beneficial and ‘alternative’. A key aspect of the cacao production for Lush is the maintenance of the organic certification, and the practice and significance of this is explored through ethnographic detail.


  1. Pardo Santamaría, Rubén Darío (2007). Procesos locales de resistencia para la defensa civil noviolenta en contextos de conflicto armado. Estudio de caso: Comunidad de paz San José de Apartadó, Colombia. Doctoral thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Gregoriana, Rome.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gwen Burnyeat
    • 1
  1. 1.University College LondonLondonUK

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