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Update of the Urban Heat Island of Madrid and Its Influence on the Building’s Energy Simulation

  • Miguel Núñez PeiróEmail author
  • Carmen Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez
  • F. Javier Neila González
Chapter

Abstract

Despite great advances on building energy evaluation, available climate data does not include the effects of the Urban Heat Island (UHI). This phenomenon, which increases the temperature in urban areas, is variable in both time and space, and implies an important lack of accuracy when simulating within an urban context. During this research the relevance of the UHI in relation to the dwellings energy performance has been confirmed, as well as the existing barriers to integrate the current UHI representations into the dynamic energy simulation process. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out an update of the existing models, in order to implement it into the energy evaluation process. In this work, as a first stage of the study and based on current techniques of geolocation and the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), it is established a methodology to acquire automatically an update of the UHI through isotherm maps. It is aimed to set up the starting point from which the integration of the UHI into the energy simulation process will happen.

Keywords

Urban heat island Climate Update Madrid Energy simulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is funded by Programa de I+D+I orientada a los retos de la sociedad ‘Retos In-vestigación’ of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. Grant code BIA2013-41732-R, MODIFICA Project: Predictive Model For Dwellings Energy Performance Under The Urban Heat Island Effect.

Authors would also like to thank the State Meteorological Agency (AEMET) and Madrid Air Quality Integral System for weather data provided to carry out this research.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel Núñez Peiró
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carmen Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez
    • 1
  • F. Javier Neila González
    • 1
  1. 1.ABIO Research GroupUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain

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