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Mobile Health pp 349-360 | Cite as

Exploratory Visual Analytics of Mobile Health Data: Sensemaking Challenges and Opportunities

  • Peter J. PolackJr.
  • Moushumi Sharmin
  • Kaya de Barbaro
  • Minsuk Kahng
  • Shang-Tse Chen
  • Duen Horng Chau
Chapter

Abstract

With every advancement in mHealth sensing technology, we are presented with an abundance of data streams and models that enable us to make sense of health information we record. To distill this diverse and ever-growing data into meaningful information, we must first develop tools that can represent data intuitively and are flexible enough to handle the special characteristics of mHealth records. For example, whereas traditional health data such as electronic health records (EHR) often consist of discrete events that may be readily analyzed and visualized, mHealth entails sensor ensembles that generate continuous, multivariate data streams of high-resolution and often noisy measurements. Drawing from methodologies in machine learning and visualization, interactive visual analytics tools are an increasingly important aid to making sense of this complexity. Still, these computational and visual techniques must be employed attentively to represent this data not only intuitively, but also accurately, transparently, and in a way that is driven by user needs. Acknowledging these challenges, we review existing visual analytic tools to identify design solutions that are both useful for and adaptable to the demands of mHealth data analysis tasks. In doing so, we identify open problems for representing and understanding mHealth data, suggesting future research directions for developers in the field.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter J. PolackJr.
    • 1
  • Moushumi Sharmin
    • 2
  • Kaya de Barbaro
    • 1
  • Minsuk Kahng
    • 1
  • Shang-Tse Chen
    • 1
  • Duen Horng Chau
    • 1
  1. 1.Georgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Western Washington UniversityBellinghamUSA

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