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Mobile Health pp 289-312 | Cite as

A New Direction for Biosensing: RF Sensors for Monitoring Cardio-Pulmonary Function

  • Ju Gao
  • Siddharth Baskar
  • Diyan Teng
  • Mustafa al’Absi
  • Santosh Kumar
  • Emre ErtinEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Long-term monitoring of physiology at large-scale can help determine potential causes and early biomarkers of chronic diseases. Physiological monitoring today, however, requires wearing of sensors such as electrodes for ECG and belt around lungs for respiration, and is unsuitable for monitoring of patients and healthy adults over multiple years. In this chapter, we review advances in a novel sensing modality using radio frequency (RF) waves that can provide physiological measurements without skin contact in both lab and field environments. This chapter presents fundamentals of RF biosensing with experimental results of a new experimental bioradar platform illustrating the concepts. The focus is on new approaches to monitor heart motion and respiratory effort. Experimental results using both an articulated heart phantom and human subjects show that RF sensing modality can match the performance of state-of-the-art physiological monitoring devices in terms of retrieving features and statistics of clinical significance.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ju Gao
    • 1
  • Siddharth Baskar
    • 1
  • Diyan Teng
    • 1
  • Mustafa al’Absi
    • 2
  • Santosh Kumar
    • 3
  • Emre Ertin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.University of Minnesota Medical SchoolDuluthUSA
  3. 3.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of MemphisMemphisUSA

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