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Constipation

  • Aniyizhai Annamalai
Chapter

Abstract

Constipation is traditionally defined as defecation less than three times weekly. But it can also be disruption in bowel movements due to increased straining, sense of incomplete evacuation, or feeling of blockage during defecation. Chronic constipation is reported in at least 15% the general population and up to 57.7% in people with mental illness [1].

Keywords

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Bowel Movement Atypical Antipsychotic Chronic Constipation Colonic Transit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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    De Hert M, Dockx L, Bernagie C, Peuskens B, Sweers K, Leucht S, et al. Prevalence and severity of antipsychotic related constipation in patients with schizophrenia: a retrospective descriptive study. BMC Gastroenterol. 2011;11:17.Google Scholar
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    De Hert M, Hudyana H, Dockx L, Bernagie C, Sweers K, Tack J, et al. Second-generation antipsychotics and constipation: a review of the literature. Eur Psychiatry. 2011;26(1):34–44.Google Scholar
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    Poetter CE, Stewart JT. Treatment of clozapine-induced constipation with bethanechol. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2013;33(5):713–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aniyizhai Annamalai
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Internal Medicine & PsychiatryYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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