Advertisement

NASA’s ‘MOL(mag)nificent’ seven

  • David J. Shayler
  • Colin Burgess
Chapter
  • 326 Downloads
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)

Abstract

The arrival of seven new faces in the Astronaut Office in the fall of 1969 differed from previous selections in many ways. For ten years and six selection programs, NASA had followed a clear process, with listed criteria, several rejection points, extensive interviews, and an intensive program of medical examinations. But for the Class of ‘69 there were none of these, as each man had already undergone that process under the USAF Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) program. Only two basic selection criteria applied this time; successful applicants had to be under the age of 36, and the pool of potential candidates was strictly limited to just the 14 serving MOL astronauts. This was not a selection as such, merely a transfer of management from the USAF to NASA, the first and, to date, only time this has occurred in nearly 60 years and more than 20 classes of NASA astronaut selections.

References

  1. 1.
    Karol Bobko: interview by Summer Chick Bergen for NASA’s Oral History Project, Houston, Texas, February 12, 2002Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wikipedia online encyclopedia, United States Air Force Academy, available online at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Air_Force_Academy. Last accessed March 22, 2016
  3. 3.
    Men and Women of Space, Douglas B. Hawthorne, Univelt Inc. Publication, San Diego, California, 1992Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    USAFA Graduate Selected for Space Flight Program, U.S. Air Force Academy Falconer, issue June 24, 1966Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Into the Black, Rowland White, Random House, New York, NY, 2016Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    The Paris News newspaper (Paris, Texas) article, “A Heck of a Frequent Flyer,” issue January 26, 1986, p. 43Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Robert Crippen: interview by Rebecca Wright for NASA’s Oral History Project, Houston, Texas, May 26, 2006Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Email to author David J. Shayler from Bob Crippen, November 28, 2016Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. Gordon Fullerton: interview by Rebecca Wright for NASA’s Oral History Project, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, May 6, 2002Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Paige Lichtenstein, Kaleidoscope newsletter, University of Alabama at Birmingham, issue April 15, 1986Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hank Hartsfield: interview by Carol Butler for NASA’s Oral History Project, Houston, Texas, June 12, 2001Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Henry Hank Hartsfield – Obituary, The U.K. Daily Telegraph newspaper, issue July 24, 2014Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Westlake Historical Society, Westlake Ohio, Col. Robert F. Overmyer, available at: http://www.westlakeohiohistory.org/bob.html. Last accessed March 5, 2016
  14. 14.
    NASA Biological Data, Robert F. Overmyer (Colonel, USMC, Ret.), NASA JSC, Houston, Texas, August 1996Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wikipedia online encyclopedia entry, Gil Peterson, available online at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gil_Peterson. Last accessed September 21, 2016
  16. 16.
    Astronaut’s Elderly Parents to Watch Shuttle Launch, The Gadsden Times newspaper (Alabama) article, issue April 3, 1983, p. 3Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    For Don Peterson, science fiction becomes reality, Olive Talley, UPI Archives, March 26, 1983Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Donald H. Peterson: interview by Jennifer Ross-Nazzal for NASA’s Oral History Project, Houston, Texas, November 14, 2002Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wikipedia online encyclopedia entry, Richard H. Truly, available online at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_H._Truly. Last Accessed April 2, 2016
  20. 20.
    Disasters and Accidents in Manned Spaceflight, David J. Shayler, Springer-Praxis, 2000 pp. 78-79; also, Two Sides of the Moon, David Scott and Alexei Leonov, Simon & Schuster, 2004, pp. 69-76Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Disasters and Accidents in Manned Spaceflight, David J. Shayler, Springer-Praxis, 2000, pp. 49-62Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Shayler
    • 1
  • Colin Burgess
    • 2
  1. 1.Astronautical HistorianAstro Info Service LtdHalesowenUK
  2. 2.BangorAustralia

Personalised recommendations