Venous Thromboembolism Prevention and Prophylaxis

  • Matteo Manici
  • Giacomo Alemanno
  • Magherita I. Nuzzaco


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the most common complications for an intensive care inpatient. Primary thromboprophylaxis reduces the morbidity and mortality associated with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). On the grounds of the above, the thromboembolic risk prevention could be made with medications, through a mechanical way, or, more often, with a combination of those.

A nurse guarantees correct pharmacological prophylaxis therapy management, correct use of graduated compression stocking and intermittent pneumatic compression system, and patient’s mobilization as soon as possible.


Deep vein thrombosis Pulmonary embolism Pharmacological prevention Mechanical prevention 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matteo Manici
    • 1
  • Giacomo Alemanno
    • 2
  • Magherita I. Nuzzaco
    • 3
  1. 1.Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Hub Pain ServiceUniversity Hospital of ParmaParmaItaly
  2. 2.Vascular Surgery, Kent and Canterbury HospitalEast Kent Hospital University Foundation TrustCanterburyUK
  3. 3.Intensive Care Unit, Kent and Canterbury HospitalEast Kent Hospital University Fundation TrustCanterburyUK

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