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Carbon Sequestration by Urban Trees

  • Silvano FaresEmail author
  • Elena Paoletti
  • Carlo Calfapietra
  • Teis N. Mikkelsen
  • Roeland Samson
  • Didier Le Thiec
Chapter
Part of the Future City book series (FUCI, volume 7)

Introduction

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most prominent component of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, resulting mainly from fuel combustion in the built environment – for activities such as heating of buildings, urban mobility and cooking. The concentration of near-surface CO2 in cities is affected by a range of factors, including traffic density and atmospheric stability. Plants have the capacity to sequester CO2 through photosynthesis, and can therefore store carbon in plant biomass and in the soil. Green areas in the city may significantly affect local concentrations of atmospheric CO2, as observed in urban-to-rural comparisons showing lower CO2 concentration in the presence of vegetation. CO2 sequestration over the ‘urban forest’ displays diurnal variation during the growing period, with uptake during daytime when plants are photosynthetically active, and nocturnal emissions in response to respiration. High atmospheric CO2concentrations represent a fertilizer for plants,...

Keywords

Carbon Stock Urban Forest Traffic Density Isoprene Emission Urban Vegetation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvano Fares
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elena Paoletti
    • 2
  • Carlo Calfapietra
    • 3
    • 4
  • Teis N. Mikkelsen
    • 5
  • Roeland Samson
    • 6
  • Didier Le Thiec
    • 7
  1. 1.Council for Agricultural Research and EconomicsResearch Centre for the Soil-Plant SystemRomeItaly
  2. 2.Institute for Sustainable Plant ProtectionItalian National Research Council (CNR)FlorenceItaly
  3. 3.Institute of Agro-Environmental and Forest Biology (IBAF)National Research Council (CNR), Monterotondo (Rome)Porano (TR)Italy
  4. 4.Global Change Research InstituteBrnoCzech Republic
  5. 5.DTU Environmental EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkKongens LyngbyDenmark
  6. 6.Faculty of Sciences, Department of Bioscience EngineeringUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  7. 7.UMR EEF, Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA)Université de LorraineNancyFrance

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