Promoting Green Urbanism and Disaster Resilience in the Anthropocene: From Invasive to Community in Kakaako, Oahu

  • Jason Levy
  • Joey Valenti
  • Peiyong Yu
Conference paper
Part of the Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics book series (EBES, volume 6)


As the most isolated land mass on earth, the Island of Hawaii has become heavily dependent on imports in the current era of globalization. This paper addresses major challenges facing the island chain of Hawaii including the current housing crisis and the disaster risks posed by climate change and invasive trees. This study assesses the viability of using scavenged albizia to promote green urbanism and disaster resilience in Hawaii. Kaka’ako, a commercial and retail district of Honolulu (situated along the southern shores of the island of O’ahu, Hawaii) is used as a case study. Local and practical solutions including green urbanism and technologic innovations such as Computer Numerical Control (CNC) are emphasized. This paper emphasizes local employment and University of Hawaii based technology, thereby minimizing the use of builders from outside the state. Innovative design strategies are herein proposed to overcome this dependency on imports and help the state of Hawaii to achieve long-term resilience and sustainability. Advances in ecological economics and multiple criteria decision analysis yield the following outcomes for the three decision alternatives: Status Quo/Disposal (0.14), Biofuel (0.39) and Manufacturing (0.37).


Cost benefit analysis Disaster resilience Green urbanism Multi-criteria analysis 


  1. Beatley, T. (2000). Green urbanism: Learning from European cities. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
  2. City and County of Honolulu. (2016). Mayor’s office of housing [online]. Accessed March 10, 2016, from
  3. Force, S. T. (2008). Hawai’i 2050 sustainability plan. Honolulu, HI: State of Hawai’i.Google Scholar
  4. Governor’s Office of Hawaii. (2015). Governor’s office new release: Governor Ige Signs emergency proclamation to address homelessness statewide [online]. Accessed October 16, 2015, from
  5. Karlenzig, W., Marquardt, F., White, P., Yaseen, P., & Young, R. (Eds.). (2007). How green is your city, the SustainLane US city rankings. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Lebbe, G. (2016). Meeting with green energy team resource manager [e-mail] (Personal communication, 10 April 2016).Google Scholar
  7. Lehmann, S. (2010). The principles of green urbanism: Transforming the city for sustainability. Oxford: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Levy, J. K., & Taji, K. (2007). Group decision support for hazards planning and emergency management: A group analytic network process (GANP) approach. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 46(7–8), 906–917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Nagourney, A. (2016, June 3). Aloha and welcome to paradise. Unless you’re homeless. New York Times [online]. Accessed June 8, 2016, from
  10. Saaty, T. (1989). Group decision making and the AHP. In B. L. Golden, E. A. Wasil & P. T. Harker (Eds.), The analytic hierarchy process (pp 59–67). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  11. Steffen, W., Crutzen, P. J., & McNeill, J. R. (2007). The Anthropocene: Are humans now overwhelming the great forces of nature? AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 36(8), 614–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Valenti, J. J. (2016). [Re]Scaling urbanism: Fostering low-tech, digitally fabricated, and transient structures through innovation in local renewable material. D.Arch Thesis, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI.Google Scholar
  13. Waters, C. N., Zalasiewicz, J., Summerhayes, C., Barnosky, A. D., Poirier, C., Gałuszka, A., & Jeandel, C. (2016). The Anthropocene is functionally and stratigraphically distinct from the holocene. Science, 351(6269), aad2622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationUniversity of Hawaii – West OahuKapoleiUSA
  2. 2.Department of ArchitectureUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA
  3. 3.Department of EconomicsUniversity of Hawaii – West OahuKapoleiUSA

Personalised recommendations