The Comparison of Governmental and Non-governmental E-Participation Tools Functioning at a City-Level in Russia
The paper examines different types of e-participation tools functioning in Russia. This research presents a part of a complex scientific sociological project focused on determination of the critical factors which influence the e-participation development in Russia. This paper reflects the results of a comparative study of e-participation portals functioning with a special attention to its nature: government and non-government.
The authors made an attempt to find the effectiveness of Saint Petersburg portals’ work with the use of an automated information system. The research hypothesis stated that individuals and their groups could be more productive in e-participation tools development.
The research results showed the difference in activities on each portal as well as an expected fate of e-petitions. The research hypothesis was partly confirmed. The first practice of citizens’ electronic collaboration was linked with an initiative platform “Beautiful Saint Petersburg”. At the same time a governmental portal “Our Petersburg” also demonstrated a high-level of citizens’ interest and involvement. The research also showed comparatively common citizens’ activity in different city districts.
The study revealed that Saint Petersburg example is an illustration of authorities’ orientation to the citizens’ needs. The development of e-participation platforms of both types had found a positive feedback from the citizens from the very beginning of its operation.
KeywordsE-participation E-democracy Comparative analysis Institutional functions
This work was conducted with support of the Grant of the President of the Russian Federation to young scientists №MK-5953.2016.6 “The research of e-participation tools development factors in Russian Federation”.
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