Deriving Useful Information from Bimonthly Global-Scale Climate Analysis for Climate Change Adaptation Over East Africa

  • Isaac K. TettehEmail author
  • Nana K. A. Appiah-Badu
  • Fredrick H. M. Semazzi
  • Olawale E. Olayide
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)


Implementation of appropriate climate change adaptation strategies is contingent on a good understanding of climate variability. Efforts to adapt to climate change impacts in East African societies have flourished. However, an area of research which has been neglected and could enhance adaptive capacity is bimonthly global-scale climate analysis in relationship to the long rains, during the climatologically prominent phase of El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Empirical analyses were carried out using nearly 60 years of standardized gridded rainfall, horizontal wind and sea surface temperature (SST) data, to gain predictive understanding of the region’s climate. This study has delineated SST and divergent circulation features related to three of the four rainfall modes. The modes responded differently to the Pacific ENSO, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. However, there was no clear relationship between the second mode and the global SST distributions. Having substantiated this with monthly and seasonal-scale SST analyses, it suggested that this atypical pattern warranted numerical modeling studies or should be verified using other high resolution datasets. The SST predictor features identified may be used to enhance operational seasonal climate prediction scheme. In this way, end users would be better prepared to select appropriate climate change adaption options.


East Africa Standardized global sea surface temperature anomalies Standardized upper level circulations anomalies Long rainfall modes 



The authors wish to acknowledge the following data sources: NCEP/NCAR reanalysis, CRU gridded precipitation data, and NOAA ERSST.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isaac K. Tetteh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nana K. A. Appiah-Badu
    • 2
  • Fredrick H. M. Semazzi
    • 3
  • Olawale E. Olayide
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Theoretical and Applied BiologyKwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) KumasiKumasiGhana
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsKNUSTKumasiGhana
  3. 3.Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric SciencesNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  4. 4.Centre for Sustainable DevelopmentUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria

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