Interaction Forest–Clearing

  • Thomas Foken
  • Andrei Serafimovich
  • Fabian Eder
  • Jörg Hübner
  • Zhongming Gao
  • Heping Liu
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 229)


In 2011, a special experiment was conducted to investigate turbulent structures at the edge between the Waldstein–Weidenbrunnen forest site and the Köhlerloh clearing. A horizontal moving measuring system was used to detect significant gradients of the radiation fluxes, temperature, moisture, ozone, and carbon dioxide concentrations for different situations at day and night. In agreement with other studies, an increase of the turbulent fluxes and ejections at the forest edge could be found. This means that the energy balance closure was also better than that obtained directly at the Weidenbrunnen site. The vertical coupling by coherent structures was often—mainly at daytime—very good. In contrast, the horizontal coupling between the forest and the clearing at the edge was, in most cases, not apparent. For wind directions coming from the forest, the coherent structures did not touch down at the surface of the clearing. These investigations were made with a wavelet tool. A clear indication of secondary circulations between the forest and the clearing was not possible.


Large Eddy Simulation Coherent Structure Forest Edge Turbulent Flux Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was funded by the German Science Foundation within the DFG PAK 446 project, mainly the subproject FO226/21-1. H. Liu acknowledges support by the National Science Foundation AGS under grant 1419614. The heat storage in the biomass was calculated by Kathrin Gatzsche in her master’s thesis.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Foken
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andrei Serafimovich
    • 3
  • Fabian Eder
    • 4
  • Jörg Hübner
    • 5
  • Zhongming Gao
    • 6
  • Heping Liu
    • 6
  1. 1.BischbergGermany
  2. 2.Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental ResearchUniversity of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  3. 3.Helmholtz Centre PotsdamGFZ German Research Centre for GeosciencesPotsdamGermany
  4. 4.Alexander Thamm GmbHMünchenGermany
  5. 5.Uhl Windkraft Projektierung GmbH & Co. KGEllwangenGermany
  6. 6.Department of Civil & Environmental EngineeringWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA

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