A Conceptual Framework of Knowledge Exchange

  • Jürgen Buder


Knowledge exchange, defined as interpersonal interactions that change knowledge in the heads and/or knowledge in the world, is a topic of interest in many research fields. This chapter outlines a conceptual framework which captures many variables that play a role in knowledge exchange. The conceptual framework draws a distinction between input variables, process variables, and output variables. Moreover, the framework stresses the importance of taking both individual-level variables and group-level variables into account in order to describe and explain knowledge exchange. These variables can be used to describe and categorize a broad range of empirical studies from various scholarly fields. Patterns of covariation that are discovered in the network of variables have the potential to transform the conceptual framework of knowledge exchange into a theoretical framework.


Communication Learning Attitudes Conflict Elaboration 



This chapter constitutes the summary (output variable) of many discussions (process variable) that were conducted during Lab meetings of the Tübingen IWM Knowledge Exchange Lab between 2012 and 2015. Therefore, the author would like to thank previous and current members of the Lab (in alphabetical order) for their input: Inga Bause, Carmen Biel, Moritz Borchers, Irina Brich, Brett Buttliere, Gabriele Cierniak, Tanja Engelmann, Friedrich W. Hesse, Katrin König, Richard Kolodziej, Michail Kozlov, Karsten Krauskopf, Anja Rudat, Michael Schubert, Julien Schweitzer, Christina Schwind, Irene Skuballa, Daniel Thiemann, and Daniel Wessel.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leibniz-Institut für WissensmedienTübingenGermany

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