Mario Kart Is Hard

  • Jeffrey Bosboom
  • Erik D. Demaine
  • Adam Hesterberg
  • Jayson LynchEmail author
  • Erik Waingarten
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9943)


Nintendo’s Mario Kart is perhaps the most popular racing video game franchise. Players race alone or against opponents to finish in the fastest time possible. Players can also use items to attack and defend from other racers. We prove two hardness results for generalized Mario Kart: deciding whether a driver can finish a course alone in some given time is \(\mathrm {NP}\)-hard, and deciding whether a player can beat an opponent in a race is \(\mathrm {PSPACE}\)-hard.


Time Trial Satisfying Assignment Traversal Time Race Track Variable Gadget 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey Bosboom
    • 1
  • Erik D. Demaine
    • 1
  • Adam Hesterberg
    • 1
  • Jayson Lynch
    • 1
    Email author
  • Erik Waingarten
    • 2
  1. 1.MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence LaboratoryCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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