Advertisement

A Study of 3D Digital Simulation Analysis of Fire Charring Degree of Wood Construction of Chinese Traditional Architecture

  • Tsung Chiang WuEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10058)

Abstract

For the Chinese traditional architecture which uses wood construction in large quantities, the fire often causes irreversible disasters, and the cultural heritage may be lost in a flash. According to Taiwan Cultural Assets Preservation Act, the historic monuments restoration must uphold the spirit of “Restoring the Old as the Old”, so the structural safety assessment is a necessary program for what can be restored after disaster. Traditionally, the char depth data of the wood construction after fires are obtained by pore-drilling measurement. Therefore, the detection positions and quantity are determined according to the post-disaster condition. The weak structure often fails to be measured, so that the evaluation result is likely to be distorted. This study uses dynamic fire simulation theory, and takes a Chinese traditional architecture, Potzu Pei-tian Temple in Chiayi, Taiwan as an example for experiment, trying to build a digital char depth virtual detection model. The research findings show that this conception can build a virtual detection mode, which may provide more comprehensive char depth information than traditional method, assisting the safety assessment operation of post-disaster restored structures effectively.

Keywords

Digital simulation Charring degree Dynamic fire simulation theory Virtual detection mode 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology “A study of analyzing carbonized degree of historical sites’ timbers using 3D realistic simulation of fire scene” (Project No. 103-2410-H-507-006-).

References

  1. 1.
    White, R.H., Dietenberger, M.A.: Wood handbook-wood as an engineering material, Chap. 17. In: Fire Safety. Forest Products Laboratory (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Njankouo, J.M., Dotreppe, J.-C., Franssen, J.-M.: Experiment study of the charring rate of tropical hardwoods. Fire Mater. 28(1), 15–24 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schaffer, E.: State of structural timber fire endurance. Wood Fiber Sci. 19(2), 145–170 (1977)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bureau of Cultural Heritage, MOC, Taiwan website. http://www.boch.gov.tw/
  5. 5.
    McGrattan, K., Klein, B., Hostikka, S., Floyd, J.: Fire: dynamics simulator (Version 5) user’s guid. NIST Spec. Publ. 1019–5 (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Milke, J.A.: Smoke management for covered malls and atria. Fire Technol. 26(3), 223–243 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Spearpoint, M.J.: Predicting the ignition and burning rate of wood in the Cone Calorimeter using an integral model. NIST GCR, 99–775 (1999)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Spearpoint, M.J., Quintiere, J.G.: 2001, Predicting the ignition of wood in the Cone Calorimeter - effect of species, grain orientation and heat flux. Fire Saf. J. 36(4), 391–415 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang, S.-Y.: Fire behavior and fire protection procedures for wooden historical buildings. J. Cult. Property Conserv. 1(1), 18–26 (2007). (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering ManagementNational Quemoy UniversityKinmenTaiwan

Personalised recommendations