Religion, Interrupted? Observations on Religious Indifference in Estonia

  • Atko RemmelEmail author


The question whether secularization is indicated by forcefully expressed nonreligious positions or rather by an indifference toward religion has been a subject of academic debate. Therefore, studying religious situation of a country with assumed high secularization level would provide valuable insight into the nature of religious indifference. Based on historical and contemporary data, the article takes a look onto indifference toward religion in Estonia, which is often considered one of the most secularized countries in Europe.


Secularization Religious indifference Estonia Religious illiteracy Secularization of language Alternative spirituality 



The research was supported by the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research (targeted financing project SF0180026s11) and Marie Curie International Research Staff Exchange Scheme Fellowship within the 7th European Community Framework Programme (EU-PREACC project).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TartuTartuEstonia

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