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Advanced Endoscopic Imaging: Polyps and Dysplasia Detection

  • Jacques Van DamEmail author
  • Anna Skay
Chapter

Abstract

Colonoscopy is the cornerstone of colorectal cancer screening, diagnosis, and management. Adenomatous polyps are precancerous lesions that have risk for adenocarcinoma transformation. Adenoma detection is the key to screening and prevention of colorectal cancer. Several technological advances have been made to improve polyp detection. Some advances have been made to help distinguish normal mucosa from abnormal, while others improve the field of view. Chromoendoscopy improves the visualization of the mucosal pattern. Various other accessory devices or novel colonoscopes flatten folds or are able to look behind folds for improved visual field. Some of these advances will be discussed here.

Keywords

Colonoscopy Chromoendoscopy Chromocolonoscopy Adenoma detection 

Abbreviations

ADR

Adenoma detection rate

CLE

Confocal laser microendoscopy

CRC

Colorectal cancer

EUS

Endoscopic ultrasound

HD

High definition

NBI

Narrow band imaging

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Liver DiseaseThe Keck Medical Center of USCLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of GastroenterologyLAC and USC Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA

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