Open Abdomen pp 165-185 | Cite as

Management of the Open Abdomen in PICU

  • Torsten KaussenEmail author
Part of the Hot Topics in Acute Care Surgery and Trauma book series (HTACST)


From a historical perspective, the open abdomen (OA; syn. abdomen apertum, laparostoma, temporary abdominal closure [TAC]) is a form of treatment in pediatric surgery that emerged with the development of methods to temporarily expand as well as reconstruct the abdominal wall within the framework of operative care for inborn abdominal wall defects [1–3]. It is in the context of abdominal wall approximation and adaptation that gastroschisis and omphalocele are still considered prototypes for diseases often leading to a predisposition for intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) [4–6].


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Intensive Care MedicineHannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany

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