Enrichment and Preservation of Architectural Knowledge

  • Jakob Beetz
  • Ina Blümel
  • Stefan Dietze
  • Besnik Fetahui
  • Ujwal Gadiraju
  • Martin Hecher
  • Thomas Krijnen
  • Michelle Lindlar
  • Martin Tamke
  • Raoul Wessel
  • Ran Yu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10025)

Abstract

In the context of the EU FP7 DURAARK project (2013–2016), inter-disciplinary methods, technologies and tools have been researched and developed, that support the Long Term Preservation of semantically enriched digital representations of built structures. The results of the research efforts include approaches of semi-automatically deriving building models from point cloud data sets acquired from laser scans and the integration and overlay of such representations with explicit Building Information Models (BIM). We introduce novel ways for the further semantic enrichment of such hybrid building models with contextual data and vocabularies from external resources using Linked Data (LD) and the recognition relevant features and building components. A special focus of the research reported here lies on strategies and policies for their long term archival, information retrieval based on rich semantic metadata and the use of such archival systems in research and commercial scenarios. We introduce a set of prototypical, open-source tools implementing these features that have been integrated into a modular preservation framework called the “DURAARK Workbench”.

Keywords

Digital preservation Semantic enrichment Building Information Model Linked data Point clouds 

References

  1. 1.
    14721:2012, ISO 14721:2012 Reference Model for an Open Archival Platform Specification (IFC2x Platform) (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    16739:2013, ISO 16739:2013 Industry Foundation Classes, Release 2x, Platform Specification (IFC2x Platform) (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    20652:2006, ISO 20652:2006 Producer-archive Interface - Methodology Abstract Standard (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beetz, J.: A scalable network of concept libraries using distributed graph databases. In: Proceedings of Joint ICCCBE 2014 and the 2014 CIB W078 Conferences, Florida, USA (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Berndt, R., et al.: The PROBADO project - approach and lessons learned in building a digital library system for heterogeneous non-textual documents. In: Fuhr, N., Kovács, L., Risse, T., Nejdl, W. (eds.) TPDL 2016. LNCS, vol. 9819, pp. 376–383. Springer, Heidelberg (2010). doi:10.1007/978-3-642-15464-5_37 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bernd, R., Blümel, I., Krottmaier, H., Wessel, R., Schreck, T.: Demonstration of user interfaces for querying in 3D architectural content in PROBADO3D. In: Agosti, M., Borbinha, J., Kapidakis, S., Papatheodorou, C., Tsakonas, G. (eds.) ECDL 2009. LNCS, vol. 5714, pp. 491–492. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bizer, C., Heath, T., Berners-Lee, T.: Linked data - the story so far. Int. J. Semant. Internet Inf. Syst. 5(3), 122 (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Blümel, I.: Model, content, context (2013). http://www.semantic-media-Internet.de/downloads/files
  9. 9.
    Brunsmann, J., Wilkes, W., Schlageter, G., Hemmje, M.: State- of-the-art of long-term preservation in product lifecycle management. Int. J. Digit. Lib. 1–13 (2012) http://www.springerlink.com/content/931pt3302k9v546w/abstract/. Accessed 26 July 2016
  10. 10.
    PREMIS Editorial Committee: PREMIS Data Dictionary for Preservation Metadata v3.0 (2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dietze, S., Beetz, J., Gadiraju, U., Katsimpras, G., Wessel, R., Berndt, R.: Towards preservation of semantically enriched architectural knowledge. In: 3rd International Workshop on Semantic Digital Archives (SDA 2013), September 2013Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R., Liston, K.: BIM Handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers and Contractors. Wiley, Hoboken (2011)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fetahu, B., Gadiraju, U., Dietze, S.: Crawl me maybe: iterative linked data set preservation. In: Horridge, M., Rospocher, M., van Ossenbruggen, J. (eds.) International Semantic Internet Conference (Posters and Demos), CEUR Workshop Proceedings, vol. 1272, pp. 433–436. CEUR-WS.org (2014). http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/conf/semInternet/iswc2014p.html. Accessed 26 July 2016
  14. 14.
    Fetahu, B., Gadiraju, U., Dietze, S.: Improving entity retrieval on structured data. In: Arenas, M., et al. (eds.) ISWC 2015, Part I. LNCS, vol. 9366, pp. 474–491. Springer, Heidelberg (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gadiraju, U., Dietze, S., Diaz-Aviles, E.: Ranking buildings and mining the internet for popular architectural patterns. In: Proceedings of ACM Internet Science 2015 (Internet - Sci2015) (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gadiraju, U., Kawase, R., Dietze, S.: Extracting architectural patterns from internet data. In: Proceedings of ISWC 2014 Posters & Demonstrations Track a Track Within the 13th International Semantic Internet Conference, ISWC2014, pp. 461–464, October 2014Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gadiraju, U., Kawase, R., Dietze, S., Demartini, G.: Understanding malicious behavior in crowdsourcing platforms: the case of online surveys. In: Proceedings of 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2015, pp. 1631–1640. ACM, New York (2015). http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2702123.2702443
  18. 18.
    Gallaher, M.P., O’Connor, A.C., Dettbarn, J.L., Gilday, L.T.: Cost Analysis of Inadequate Interoperability in the U.S. Capital Facilities Industry, August 2004. http://fire.nist.gov/bfrlpubs/build04/art022.html
  19. 19.
    Golla, T., Klein, R.: Real-time point cloud compression. In: IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) (2015, to appear)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Golla, T., Schwartz, C., Klein, R.: Towards efficient online compression of incrementally acquired point clouds. In: Vision, Modeling & Visualization. The Eurographics Association, October 2014Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Higgins, S.: The DCC curation lifecycle model. Int. J. Digit. Curation 3(1), 134–140 (2008)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Huber, D.: The ASTM E57 file format for 3D imaging data exchange. In: IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging, p. 78640A. International Society for Optics and Photonics (2011)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    ISO12006-3: Building construction organization of information about construction works Part 3: framework for object-oriented information (2006)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Krijnen, T., Beetz, J., Ochmann, S., Vock, R.: Extending IFC with point cloud data. In: 22nd International Workshop on Intelligent Computing in Engineering 2015, July 2015Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lindlar, M.: Building information modeling – a game changer for interoperability and a chance for digital preservation of architectural data? In: Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Digital Preservation, iPRES Proceedings, vol. 11, pp. 204–209. State Library of Victoria, State Library of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia (2014)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lindlar, M., Tamke, M.: A domain-driven approach to digital curation and preservation of 3D architectural data: stakeholder identification and alignment in the duraark project. In: Archiving 2014 Final Program and Proceedings, Archiving: Conference Proceedings, vol. 11, pp. 204–209. Society for Imaging Science and Technology, Society for Imaging Science and Technology, Springfield, VA, USA, May 2014Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pereira Nunes, B., Dietze, S., Casanova, M.A., Kawase, R., Fetahu, B., Nejdl, W.: Combining a co-occurrence-based and a semantic measure for entity linking. In: Cimiano, P., Corcho, O., Presutti, V., Hollink, L., Rudolph, S. (eds.) ESWC 2013. LNCS, vol. 7882, pp. 548–562. Springer, Heidelberg (2013). doi:10.1007/978-3-642-38288-8_37 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ochmann, S., Vock, R., Wessel, R., Klein, R.: Towards the extraction of hierarchical building descriptions from 3D indoor scans. In: EUROGRAPHICS Workshop on 3D Object Retrieval (3DOR 2014), April 2014Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ochmann, S., Vock, R., Wessel, R., Klein, R.: Automatic reconstruction of parametric building models from indoor point clouds. Comput. Graph. 54, 94–103 (2016). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0097849315001119
  30. 30.
    Ochmann, S., Vock, R., Wessel, R., Tamke, M., Klein, R.: Automatic generation of structural building descriptions from 3D point cloud scans. In: GRAPP 2014 - International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications, SCITEPRESS, January 2014Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Pauwels, P., Verstaeten, R., De Meyer, R., Van Campenhout, J.: Architectural information modelling for virtual heritage application. In: Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia, Lymassol, Cyprus, pp. 18–23 (2008)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Penttil, H., Rajala, M., Freese, S.: Building information modelling of modern historic building. In: Predicting the Future - 25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings, Delft, Netherlands, vol. 1, pp. 607–613 (2007)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Pratt, M.J.: Introduction to ISO 10303 the STEP Standard for Product Data Exchange. J. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng. 1(1), 102–103 (2001). doi:10.1115/1.1354995 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Radinger, A., Rodriguez-Castro, B., Stolz, A., Hepp, M.: BauDataInternet: the Austrian building and construction materials market as linked data. In: Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Semantic Systems. pp. 25–32. ACM (2013). http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2506186
  35. 35.
    Reilly, W.: Crossing the curatorial Chasm-lessons from the FACADE project. In: 4th International Conference on Open Repositories, May 2009. https://smartech.gatech.edu/handle/1853/28505
  36. 36.
    Risse, T., Demidova, E., Dietze, S., Peters, W., Papailiou, N., Doka, K., Stavrakas, Y., Plachouras, V., Senellart, P., Carpentier, F., Mantrach, A., Cautis, B., Siehndel, P., Spiliotopoulos, D.: The ARCOMEM architecture for social- and semantic-driven internet archiving. Future Internet 6(4), 688–716 (2014). doi:10.3390/fi6040688 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Schnabel, R., Wahl, R., Klein, R.: Efficient RANSAC for point-cloud shape detection. Comput. Graph. Forum 26(2), 214–226 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Simeone, D., Cursi, S., Toldo, I., Carrara, G.: B (H) IM - built heritage information modelling - extending BIM approach to historical and archaeological heritage representation. In: Fusion - Proceedings of 32nd eCAADe Conference, vol. 1, pp. 613–622 (2014)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Sitte, C.: City Planning According to Artistic Principles. Rizzoli, New York (1986)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Soergel, D.: The art and architecture thesaurus (AAT): a critical appraisal. Vis. Resour. 10(4), 369–400 (1995). doi:10.1080/01973762658306 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Sullivan, L.H.: The Autobiography of an Idea, vol. 281. Courier Dover Publications, New York (1956)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Tamke, M., Blümel, I., Ochmann, S., Vock, R., Wessel, R.: From point clouds to definitions of architectural space. In: Fusion - 32nd International Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe. eCAADe: Conferences, vol. 2, pp. 557–566. Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, September 2014Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Wessel, R., Blümel, I., Klein, R.: The room connectivity graph: shape retrieval in the architectural domain. In: Proceedings of International Conference in Central Europe on Computer Graphics, Visualization and Computer Vision (2008)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Wessel, R., Ochmann, S., Vock, R., Blümel, I., Klein, R.: Efficient retrieval of 3D building models using embeddings of attributed subgraphs. In: 20th ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM 2011), Posters, October 2011Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Yu, R., Gadiraju, U., Fetahu, B., Dietze, S.: Adaptive focused crawling of linked data. In: Wang, J., Cellary, W., Wang, D., Wang, H., Chen, S.-C., Li, T., Zhang, Y. (eds.) WISE 2015. LNCS, vol. 9418, pp. 554–569. Springer, Heidelberg (2015). doi:10.1007/978-3-319-26190-4_37 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jakob Beetz
    • 1
  • Ina Blümel
    • 2
  • Stefan Dietze
    • 3
  • Besnik Fetahui
    • 3
  • Ujwal Gadiraju
    • 3
  • Martin Hecher
    • 5
  • Thomas Krijnen
    • 1
  • Michelle Lindlar
    • 2
  • Martin Tamke
    • 6
  • Raoul Wessel
    • 4
  • Ran Yu
    • 3
  1. 1.Eindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.German National Library of Science and TechnologyHannoverGermany
  3. 3.L3S Research CenterLeibniz UniversityHannoverGermany
  4. 4.University of BonnBonnGermany
  5. 5.Fraunhofer AustriaGrazAustria
  6. 6.CITA Copenhagen Institute of Technology and ArchitectureCopenhagenDenmark

Personalised recommendations