Digital Watermarking in Telemedicine an Example from ECG - Review of Challenges, Methods and Applications

  • Agnieszka ŚwierkoszEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 526)


Despite fast growth of scope and availability of telemedicine, the concern of data security still remains one of crucial unresolved problems. This paper presents a review of solutions applied to ECG watermarking in both: local area and wide area networks. Digital watermarking provides a simple yet effective way of data protection against unauthorized access and modification, authentication of the sender and secret data containers for additional data. Thanks to a thorough, cardiology-oriented data analysis, all this is possible without alteration of medical content of the record. The review is followed by a discussion of their features and hierarchy in aspect of personalized telemedicine of cardiovascular diseases. It is possible to code in this transmission any other information. Why not to invent a new way of watermarking? This paper shows selected results of the work about this topic.


Watermarking ECG Digital watermarking Secret Security Secure communication Authentication Image retrieval Medical data protection 



This scientific work is supported by the AGH University of Science and Technology in year 2016 as a research project No.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AGH University of Science and TechnologyKrakówPoland

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