Geographical Distribution and Ecological Aspect of Sand Fly Species in Bangladesh

  • Yusuf ÖzbelEmail author
  • Chizu Sanjoba
  • Yoshitsugu Matsumoto


Phlebotomine sand flies, which are biological vectors of Leishmania spp., are represented by around 400 species in the Old World and more than 600 species in the Americas. The vector sand fly species generally belong to the Phlebotomus genus in the Old World and the Lutzomyia genus in the New World. They are yellowish, long legged hairy insects and active after sunset until sunrise. Sand flies can transmit Leishmania parasites as well as some group of viruses called Phleboviruses and a bacterium, Bartonella bacilliformis. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL, Kala-azar) caused by Leishmania donovani is an important health problem in the Indian subcontinent including Bangladesh and Phlebotomus argentipes is a proven vector species of Leishmania donovani. In Bangladesh, a total of 13 sand fly species (3 Phlebotomus, 10 Sergentomyia spp.) were recorded so far. All studies showed the dominancy of P. argentipes especially in endemic areas for VL. In this chapter, besides P. argentipes and its biological and ecological features, other species constituting sand fly fauna and their geographical distribution in Bangladesh are discussed.


Sand fly Phlebotomus argentipes Ecology Bangladesh 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yusuf Özbel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chizu Sanjoba
    • 2
  • Yoshitsugu Matsumoto
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Medicine, Department of ParasitologyEge UniversityBornova, İzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Molecular Immunology, School of Agricultural and Life SciencesUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

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