On Evaluating Blood Pressure Through Photoplethysmography
This paper investigates the hypothesis that a nonlinear relationship exists between photoplethysmography (PPG) and blood pressure (BP) values. Trueness of this hypothesis would imply that, instead of measuring a patient’s BP in an invasive way, this could be indirectly measured by applying a wearable PPG sensor and by using the results of a regression analysis linking PPG and BP. Genetic Programming (GP) is well suited to find the relationship between PPG and BP, because it automatically evolves the structure of the most suitable explicit mathematical model for a regression task. In this paper, for the first time, some preliminary experiments on the use of GP to explicitly relate PPG and BP values have been performed. For both systolic and diastolic BP values, explicit nonlinear mathematical models have been achieved, involving an approximation error of less than 3 mmHg in both cases.
KeywordsBlood pressure Wearable sensors Photoplethysmography Regression Genetic programming
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