Predictive Subnetwork Extraction with Structural Priors for Infant Connectomes

  • Colin J. BrownEmail author
  • Steven P. Miller
  • Brian G. Booth
  • Jill G. Zwicker
  • Ruth E. Grunau
  • Anne R. Synnes
  • Vann Chau
  • Ghassan Hamarneh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9900)


We present a new method to identify anatomical subnetworks of the human white matter connectome that are predictive of neurodevelopmental outcomes. We employ our method on a dataset of 168 preterm infant connectomes, generated from diffusion tensor images (DTI) taken shortly after birth, to discover subnetworks that predict scores of cognitive and motor development at 18 months. Predictive subnetworks are extracted via sparse linear regression with weights on each connectome edge. By enforcing novel backbone network and connectivity based priors, along with a non-negativity constraint, the learned subnetworks are simultaneously anatomically plausible, well connected, positively weighted and reasonably sparse. Compared to other state-of-the-art subnetwork extraction methods, we found that our approach extracts subnetworks that are more integrated, have fewer noisy edges and that are also better predictive of neurodevelopmental outcomes.


Diffusion Tensor Image Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Regularization Term Neurodevelopmental Outcome Cognitive Score 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank NSERC, CIHR (MOP-79262: S.P.M. and MOP-86489: R.E.G.), the Canadian Child Health Clinician Scientist Program and the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research for their financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colin J. Brown
    • 1
    Email author
  • Steven P. Miller
    • 2
  • Brian G. Booth
    • 1
  • Jill G. Zwicker
    • 3
  • Ruth E. Grunau
    • 3
  • Anne R. Synnes
    • 3
  • Vann Chau
    • 2
  • Ghassan Hamarneh
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Image Analysis LabSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.The Hospital for Sick Children and The University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.University of British Columbia and Child and Family Research InstituteVancouverCanada

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