ENT and Anterior Neck Surgery

  • W. Scott JellishEmail author
  • Michail Avramov


This chapter describes the types of monitoring modalities that may be used for ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and anterior neck surgery, the structures at risk, and the methods to monitor these structures to prevent iatrogenic damage and injury caused by surgical trauma. The different monitors that may be used for these particular procedures are suggested, but not absolutely recommended, as the type of monitoring used depends on the particular approach or procedure.


ENT neck surgery Anterior neck surgery Electrocochleography Electroencephalogram Auditory brainstem responses Neurophysiologic monitoring Facial nerve Vagal nerve EMG 

Supplementary material

Video 29.1

An example of neurotonic train activity during light plane of anesthesia (mov 1011 kb)

Video 29.2

Resolution of the increase in EMG activity with deepening the anesthesia (mov 1349 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyLoyola University Health SystemMaywoodUSA

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