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Design and Experimental Evaluation of a Low-Cost Robotic Orthosis for Gait Assistance in Subjects with Spinal Cord Injury

  • Josep M. Font-LlagunesEmail author
  • Daniel Clos
  • Urbano Lugrís
  • F. Javier Alonso
  • Javier Cuadrado
Conference paper
Part of the Biosystems & Biorobotics book series (BIOSYSROB, volume 16)

Abstract

Robotic gait training after spinal cord injury (SCI) is of high priority to maximize independence and improve the living conditions of these patients. Current rehabilitation robots are expensive and heavy, and are generally found only in the clinic. To overcome these issues, we present the design of a low-cost, low-weight robotic orthosis for subjects with SCI. The paper also presents a preliminary experimental evaluation of the assistive device on a subject with SCI. Results show that gait velocity, stride length and cadence of walking increased (24.11, 7.41 and 15.56 %, respectively) when wearing active orthoses compared to the case with standard passive orthoses.

Keywords

Spinal Cord Injury Gait Cycle Inertial Measurement Unit Rehabilitation Robot Lower Limb Exoskeleton 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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    Bickenbach, J., Bodine, C., Brown, D., Burns, A., Campbell, R., Cardenas, D., et al.: International Perspectives on Spinal Cord Injury. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva (2013)Google Scholar
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    Ditunno, P.L., Patrick, M., Stineman, M., Ditunno, J.F.: Who wants to walk? Preferences for recovery after SCI: a longitudinal and cross-sectional study. Spinal Cord 46(7), 500–506 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Font-Llagunes, J.M., Lugrís, U., Romero, F., Clos, D., Alonso, F.J., Cuadrado, J.: Design of a patient-tailored active knee-ankle-foot orthosis to assist the gait of spinal cord injured subjects. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Wearable Robotics, Baiona, Spain, 2014, paper 54Google Scholar
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    Bovi, G., Rabuffetti, M., Mazzoleni, P., Ferrarin, M.: A multiple-task gait analysis approach: kinematic, kinetic and EMG reference data for healthy young and adult subjects. Gait Posture 33(1), 6–13 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josep M. Font-Llagunes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniel Clos
    • 1
  • Urbano Lugrís
    • 2
  • F. Javier Alonso
    • 3
  • Javier Cuadrado
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering Research Centre of the Technical University of CataloniaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering of the University of La CoruñaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Energetics and Materials Engineering of the University of ExtremaduraBarcelonaSpain

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