Radionuclide Imaging of Pulmonary and Thymic Neuroendocrine Tumors

  • Sellam Karunanithi
  • Ganesh Kumar
  • Rakesh KumarEmail author
Part of the Contemporary Endocrinology book series (COE)


Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are an uncommon group of pulmonary neoplasms that are typically characterized by neuroendocrine differentiation with relatively indolent clinical behavior. The spectrum of pulmonary NETs ranges from typical carcinoid tumors, which are relatively benign, to highly aggressive small cell carcinoma. Thymic NETs are uncommon but malignant tumors of the thymus gland which are typically characterized by aggressive behavior and malignant potential. This chapter will emphasize current and emerging knowledge of functional imaging options on pulmonary and thymic NETs.


Neuroendocrine Carcinoid Thymus Bronchopulmonary Somatostatin receptor PET/CT 68Ga 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sellam Karunanithi
    • 1
  • Ganesh Kumar
    • 2
  • Rakesh Kumar
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear MedicineAster MIMS Hospital, Malabar Institute of Medical Sciences LtdCalicutIndia
  2. 2.Division of Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine, Department of Nuclear MedicineAll India Institute of Medical Sciences, AIIMS CampusNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Division of Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine, Department of Nuclear MedicineAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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