Are Innovation Systems Complex Systems?

  • Emmanuel MullerEmail author
  • Jean-Alain Héraud
  • Andrea Zenker
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Complexity book series (SPCOM)


Basically, complex systems are defined as a large number of autonomous entities in interaction, that create several levels of collective organization leading to emergent (and immergent) behavior. In short, complex systems are characterized by the observation that the whole is more than the sum of the parts (Aristotle). The aim of this paper is to address the issue of innovation systems in order to determine by how much they constitute complex systems.


Innovation System Perfect Competition Autonomous Entity Collective Organization Human Life Expectancy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors wish to thank Pierre Collet (University of Strasbourg) for his valuable support.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmanuel Muller
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jean-Alain Héraud
    • 2
  • Andrea Zenker
    • 1
  1. 1.Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI)KarlsruheGermany
  2. 2.Bureau d’Economie Théorique et Appliquée (BETA), Université de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance

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